Learn More
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the oxidative damage of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. caused by UV-B (280-315 nm) radiation. UV-B-induced overproduction of ROS as well as the oxidative stress was detected in vivo by using the ROS-sensitive probe 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA). Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances(More)
Cyanobacteria must cope with the negative effects of ultraviolet B (280-315 nm) (UV-B) stress caused by their obligatory light requirement for photosynthesis. The adaptation of the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. to moderate UV-B radiation has been observed after 2 weeks of irradiation, as indicated by decreased oxidative stress, decreased damage, recovered(More)
Disruption of the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway by mutations can cause xeroderma pigmentosum, a syndrome predisposing affected individuals to development of skin cancer. The xeroderma pigmentosum C (XPC) protein is essential for initiating global genome NER by recognizing the DNA lesion and recruiting downstream factors. Here we show that(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the damage and response of cyanobacteria to UV-B irradiation. In cyanobacteria, there are several targets for the potentially toxic ROS such as lipids, DNA and protein. The damage to photosynthetic apparatus induces the inhibition of photosynthesis that is mediated partially by ROS. UV-B-induced oxidative stress(More)
We analysed and compared the functioning of UV-B screening pigments in plants from marine, fresh water and terrestrial ecosystems, along the evolutionary line of cyanobacteria, unicellular algae, primitive multicellular algae, charophycean algae, lichens, mosses and higher plants, including amphibious macrophytes. Lichens were also included in the study. We(More)
Exposure to the sun's UV radiation appears to be the most important environmental factor involved in the development of skin cancer. UVA is the major portion of UV radiation in sunlight and is considered to be a human carcinogen. In this study, we have investigated the delayed and sustained activation of ERK MAPK by UVA exposure. In parallel, a delayed Ras(More)
Nonmelanoma skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States, where DNA-damaging ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation from the sun remains the major environmental risk factor. However, the critical genetic targets of UVB radiation are undefined. Here we show that attenuating PTEN in epidermal keratinocytes is a predisposing factor for UVB-induced skin(More)
Skin cancer is the most common cancer in the United States. Ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation in sunlight is the major environmental factor causing skin cancer. p21, a p53-inducible protein, plays an important role in cell cycle, DNA repair, and apoptosis. Here we have investigated the effect of UVB radiation on p21 and its molecular mechanisms and function in(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) plays a critical role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and transformation. EGFR downregulation attenuates its signaling intensity and duration to maintain cellular homeostasis. Here, we report that during apoptosis EGFR is cleaved by activated caspase-3 or related proteases at its C-terminus domain. EGFR(More)
The ability of DNA repair in a cell is vital to its genomic integrity and thus to the normal functioning of an organism. Phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) is a well-established tumor suppressor gene that induces apoptosis and controls cell growth by inhibiting the PI3K/AKT pathway. In various human cancers, PTEN is frequently found to be mutated,(More)