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This paper describes the validation of the Remote Agent Experiment. A primary goal of this experiment was to provide an onboard demonstration of spacecraft autonomy. This demonstration included both nominal operations with goal-oriented commanding and closed-loop plan execution, and fault protection capabilities with failure diagnosis and recovery, on-board(More)
On May 17th 1999, the Remote Agent (RA) became the first Artificial Intelligence based closed loop autonomous control system to take control of a spacecraft. The RA commanded NASA’s New Millennium Deep Space One spacecraft when it was 65 million miles away from earth. For a period of one week this system commanded DS1’s Ion Propulsion System, its camera,(More)
The six-day Remote Agent Experiment (RAX) on the Deep Space 1 mission will be the first time that an artificially intelligent agent will control a NASA spacecraft. Successful completion of this experiment will open the way for AI-based autonomy technology on future missions. An important validation objective for RAX is implementation of a credible(More)
Symplectin is one of the few photoproteins, which forms covalent bonds with the dehydro-coelenterazine (DCL) at the binding sites and the active site. This binding takes place through the SH's of the cysteine residues via conjugate addition reaction. This photoprotein contains the chromophore molecules at the binding cites first, and then moves to the(More)
In May 1999 state-of-the-art autonomy technology was allowed to assume command and control of the Deep Space One spacecraft during the Remote Agent Experiment. This experiment demonstrated numerous autonomy concepts ranging from high-level goaloriented commanding to on-board planning to robust plan execution to model-based fault protection. Many(More)
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