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The inactivation of the ClC-0 chloride channel is very temperature sensitive and is greatly facilitated by the binding of a zinc ion (Zn2+) from the extracellular side, leading to a Zn2+-induced current inhibition. To further explore the relation of Zn2+ inhibition and the ClC-0 inactivation, we mutated all 12 cysteine amino acids in the channel and assayed(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Electrocautery procedures generate malodorous smoke. This study quantified five volatile organic compounds detected in the smoke produced during breast surgery, and elucidated the factors that affect their chemical production. METHODS All samplers were assembled in an acrylic chamber with a Tygon tube attached to the tip of a diathermy(More)
Congenital hyperinsulinism is a condition of dysregulated insulin secretion often caused by inactivating mutations of the ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel in the pancreatic beta cell. Though most disease-causing mutations of the 2 genes encoding KATP subunits, ABCC8 (SUR1) and KCNJ11 (Kir6.2), are recessively inherited, some cases of dominantly inherited(More)
The beta-cell ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channel controls insulin secretion by linking glucose metabolism to membrane excitability. Loss of KATP channel function due to mutations in ABCC8 or KCNJ11, genes that encode the sulfonylurea receptor 1 or the inward rectifier Kir6.2 subunit of the channel, is a major cause of congenital hyperinsulinism. Here,(More)
ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are formed by the coassembly of four Kir6.2 subunits and four sulfonylurea receptor subunits (SUR). The cytoplasmic domains of Kir6.2 mediate channel gating by ATP, which closes the channel, and membrane phosphoinositides, which stabilize the open channel. Little is known, however, about the tertiary or quaternary(More)
FIP-fve is an immunomodulatory protein isolated from Flammulina velutipes that possesses anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activities. However, little is known about its anticancer effects. It is suppressed cell proliferation of A549 lung cancer cells on MTT assay following 48 h treatment of FIP-fve. FIP-fve treatment also resulted in cell cycle arrest(More)
The copy number of membrane proteins at the cell surface is tightly regulated. Many ion channels and receptors present retrieval motifs to COPI vesicle coats and are retained in the early secretory pathway. In some cases, the interaction with COPI is prevented by binding to 14-3-3 proteins. However, the functional significance of this antagonism between(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) has been implicated in airway injury in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung inflammation, and lung cancer and plays a major role in tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-stimulated tumor invasion and lung inflammation. MMP-9 activity is promoted by the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α. GMI, cloned from Ganoderma(More)
Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infects the central nervous system and causes death and long-term neurological sequelae in hundreds of thousands of young children, but its pathogenesis remains elusive. Immunopathological mechanisms have been suspected to contribute to the pathogenesis of neurological symptoms, so anti-inflammatory agents have been used to treat(More)
Vorinostat (suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid), a class of histone deacetylase inhibitors, represents an emerging class of anticancer agents currently progressing in clinical trials. It causes cell growth inhibition, differentiation, and apoptosis of many tumor types in vitro and in vivo. Recently, it was reported that hTERT is one of the targets for cancer(More)