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In this study, we compared the responsiveness and validity of the Box and Block Test (BBT), the Nine-Hole Peg Test (NHPT), and the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT). We randomized 59 patients with stroke into one of three rehabilitation treatments for 3 weeks. We administered six outcome measures (BBT, NHPT, ARAT, Fugl-Meyer Assessment [FMA], Motor Activity(More)
This study examined criterion-related validity and clinimetric properties of the Pediatric Motor Activity Log (PMAL) in children with cerebral palsy. Study participants were 41 children (age range: 28-113 months) and their parents. Criterion-related validity was evaluated by the associations between the PMAL and criterion measures at baseline and(More)
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to establish the minimal detectable change (MDC) and clinically important differences (CID) of the Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) in patients with stroke, and to assess the proportions of patients' change scores exceeding the MDC and CID after stroke rehabilitation. METHODS A total of 57 patients received 1 of the 3 treatments(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Robot-assisted therapy (RT) is a current promising intervention in stroke rehabilitation, but more research is warranted for examining its efficacy and the dose-benefit relation. The authors investigated the effects of higher intensity versus lower intensity RT on movements of forearm pronation-supination and wrist(More)
We propose novel approaches and tests for estimating student preferences with data from school choice mechanisms, e.g., the Gale-Shapley Deferred Acceptance. Without requiring truth-telling to be the unique equilibrium, we show that the matching is (asymptotically) stable, or justified-envy-free, implying that every student is assigned to her favorite(More)
We evaluated the reliability of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and determined its ability to predict functional outcomes in stroke survivors. The rehabilitation effect on 8-OHdG and functional outcomes were also assessed. Sixty-one stroke patients received a 4-week rehabilitation. Urinary 8-OHdG levels were determined by liquid chromatography-tandem(More)
BACKGROUND There are no reports of predictive models or predictors for quality of life (QoL) after constraint-induced therapy (CIT). OBJECTIVE This investigation identified predictors of change in stroke-related QoL after distributed CIT using the Chi-squared Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) method. METHODS A total of 58 patients with chronic(More)
The combination of robot-assisted therapy (RT) and a modified form of constraint-induced therapy (mCIT) shows promise for improving motor function of patients with stroke. However, whether the changes of motor control strategies are concomitant with the improvements in motor function after combination of RT and mCIT (RT + mCIT) is unclear. This study(More)
This paper studies the nonparametric identification and estimation of the structural parameters, including the per period utility functions, discount factors, and state transition laws, of general dynamic programming discrete choice (DPDC) models. I show an equivalence between the identification of general DPDC model and the identification of a linear GMM(More)
Robot-assisted therapy (RT) is a widely used intervention approach to enhance motor recovery in patients after stroke, but its effects on functional improvement remained uncertain. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is one potential adjuvant intervention approach to RT that could directly activate the stimulated muscles and improve functional use(More)