Yu-Wei Chiang

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Most studies of the cytokine response to influenza virus infection have been carried out in human, porcine and murine models, however the data available on equine cytokines is limited. An experimental challenge study was undertaken in unvaccinated naïve horses and horses vaccinated with a commercial inactivated influenza vaccine. The humoral antibody(More)
Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) continues to cause both sporadic and epidemic abortions despite extensive vaccination. Lack of progress in the development of protective vaccines may be hindered by the lack of equine abortion models that employ contemporary EHV-1 strains. The objective of our experiments was to compare a contemporary EHV-1 strain with a(More)
The brain regions involved with trace fear conditioning (TFC) and delayed fear conditioning (DFC) are well-characterized, but little is known about the cellular representation subsuming these types of classical conditioning. Previous evidence has shown that activation of the amygdala is required for both TFC and DFC, while TFC also involves the hippocampus(More)
Because humans get rabies primarily through dog bites, stray dog population control and mass or mandatory vaccination of domestic dogs and other animals has virtually eliminated human rabies in industrialized countries. However, thousands of people in developing countries die of rabies each year due to the inability to control dog populations and implement(More)
Clinically normal horses developed cellular immunity to Sarcocystis neurona following IM vaccination with a commercial killed S. neurona vaccine, as indicated by the development of measurable anti-S. neurona IgG antibodies and additional intradermal skin testing. Large-scale independent assessments of the vaccine's performance and safety are in progress(More)
The cell-mediated immune (CMI) response of foals to virulent equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) infection was evaluated by multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM). Ten 7-8-month-old EHV-1 seronegative foals were infected intranasally with virulent EHV-1 and 10 foals served as uninfected controls. Blood samples were collected 6 and 7 weeks after infection to test for(More)
Vaccination against Johne's disease with an inactivated, oil-adjuvanted Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) bacterin can reduce clinical signs in infected herds; however, the development of indurated swelling at the injection site limits vaccine acceptability to producers. This study determined whether a reduced dose of vaccine antigen, with a(More)
Fourteen first-calf heifers were tested free of antibodies against Bovine viral diarrhea viruses (BVDV) by serum neutralization and free of BVDV by polymerase chain reaction. Twelve were exposed to BVDV-1b strain CA0401186a at 84-86 days of gestation, and 2 were exposed to mock inoculum and served as negative controls. Fetuses were harvested by cesarean(More)
Infection of pregnant cattle with both species of Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) can result in reproductive disease that includes fetal reabsorption, mummification, abortion, stillbirths, congenital defects affecting structural, neural, reproductive, and immune systems, and the birth of calves persistently infected with BVDV. Accurate diagnosis of(More)
Canine influenza virus (CIV) is an etiologic agent of canine infectious respiratory disease (CIRD). In March of 2015, a strain of H3N2 subtype CIV, previously found only in Asia, emerged in Chicago, IL, USA. The virus triggered localized outbreaks of CIRD in Illinois, and rapidly spread to dogs in at least 30 different U.S. states. In response to this(More)