Yu Wakabayashi

Learn More
The cytokine, transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1), converts naive T cells into regulatory T cells that prevent autoimmunity. However, in the presence of interleukin (IL)-6, TGF-beta1 has also been found to promote differentiation into IL-17-producing helper T (Th17) cells that are deeply involved in autoimmunity and inflammation. However, it has(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to play an essential role in the suppression of inflammation, yet recent studies have revealed the positive roles of TGF-beta in inflammatory responses. For example, TGF-beta induces Foxp3-positive regulatory T cells (iTregs) in the presence of interleukin-2 (IL-2), while in the presence of IL-6, it(More)
Although it has been well established that TGF-beta plays a pivotal role in immune regulation, the roles of its downstream transcription factors, Smad2 and Smad3, have not been fully clarified. Specifically, the function of Smad2 in the immune system has not been investigated because of the embryonic lethality of Smad2-deficient mice. In this study, we(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) associated with type 2 diabetes is the most common cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and a serious health issue in the world. Currently, molecular basis for DN has not been established and only limited clinical treatments are effective in abating the progression to ESRD associated with DN. Here we found that diabetic db/db(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), a negative-feedback molecule for cytokine signaling, has been implicated in protection against liver injury. Previous studies have shown that overexpression of SOCS3 in the liver by adenovirus or membrane permeable recombinant protein protected the liver from various injuries. However it remained uncertain in(More)
Sprouty proteins have been shown to negatively regulate a variety of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) signaling pathways and are considered to be tumor suppressor proteins. The pathophysiological functions of Sproutys in vivo remain to be investigated. In this study, we examined the physiological function of Sprouty4 as an angiogenic regulator, using Sprouty4(More)
Although transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 is a well-known immunosuppressive cytokine, little is known about the role of its downstream transcription factors, Smad2 and Smad3, in the suppression of macrophage activation. Previous studies have demonstrated that Smad3 is critical for the suppression of LPS-mediated inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase(More)
The mitochondria of rat intestinal mucosa were found to have an enzymatic activity that converts radioactive glutamate to pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) in the presence of ATP, NADPH, and MgCl2. The product of this enzyme was identified as P5C by the fact that it was converted to proline by chemical reduction with NaBH4 or by enzymatic reduction with NADH in(More)
The demonstration of the ornithine biosynthesis from glutamate in cell-free homogenates of rat intestinal mucosa by Ross, G., Dunn, D., and Jones, M.E. (1978) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 85, 140-147 suggested that this tissue might have the capacity to convert glutamate to pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C). We have shown in the preceding paper (Wakabayashi,(More)