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CD4(+) CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical in maintaining self-tolerance and preventing organ-specific autoimmunity. Their role in paediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease characterized by inappropriate regulation of hyperactivated B and T cells, has not been clearly defined. Using flow cytometry to determine cell(More)
BACKGROUND The magnitude of the therapeutic effects of intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid on osteoarthritis of the knee is still in question. The aim of this meta-analysis was to elucidate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of intra-articular injection of hyaluronic acid for osteoarthritis of the knee. METHODS We conducted a meta-analysis of(More)
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) has had a long and difficult problem with classification. It is clearly a heterogeneous and multi-factorial autoimmune disease but all too often the distinctions among subtypes were unclear. In fact, there is now increasing evidence of a distinct pathogenesis of oligo/polyarticular JIA compared to systemic JIA.(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene are associated with allergic diseases in different populations. This study aimed to determine the distribution of two SNPs at -1082A/G and -592A/C (rs1800896 and rs1800872, respectively) in the IL-10 gene promoter of Taiwanese food allergy (FA) patients, and also to(More)
We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and immunological features as well as the outcome of children with a diagnosis of primary hypogammaglobulinemia, who were treated at the National Taiwan University Hospital between 1984 and 2001. A total of 33 patients were enrolled: seventeen patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), six patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cardiovascular and pulmonary involvement is frequent among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It is important that the frequency and characteristics of pulmonary and cardiovascular involvement in childhood-onset SLE are understood. Thus, we conducted a retrospective analysis of childhood-onset SLE at a tertiary medical(More)
IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most common glomerulonephritis in the world. The hallmark of IgAN is underglycosylation in the hinge region of IgA1. Increasing evidence supports the underglycosylated IgA-containing immune-complex including IgG antibodies against the glycans of the hinge region of IgA1 are key factors for mesangial deposition and then trigger(More)
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is an IgA-mediated systemic small vessel vasculitis of childhood. It is characterized by the symptoms including nonthrombocytopenic purpura, abdominal pain, hematuria/proteinuria, and arthargia/arthritis. We conducted a retrospective study of 261 patients diagnosed with HSP from December 1991 to December 2001. Of the 261(More)
BACKGROUND The knowledge on allergic shiners is extremely limited. A conceivable tool able to quantify allergic shiners has not been established. OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the significance and changeability of allergic shiners through our newly developed computerized method. METHODS We developed a novel computerized method to measure allergic(More)
BACKGROUND There has been significant progress recently in the clinical investigation of atopic dermatitis (AD), especially in the recognition of aeroallergens as aggravating factors in AD. However, sensitization to food allergens and aeroallergens in children with AD has not been fully studied. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the correlation between age and(More)