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BACKGROUND Ivabradine is an inhibitor of mixed Na+-K+ current that could combine with HCN channels to reduce the transmembrane velocity of funny current (If), heart rate, and cardiac efficiency, and thus be used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as chronic heart failure. As an ion channel blocker, Ivabradine is also a potential(More)
BACKGROUND We compared cardiac electrophysiological indicators and regional expression levels of cardiac hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels between adult and aged dogs to identify possible mechanisms of age-related atrial fibrillation. MATERIAL/METHODS Corrected sinus node recovery time (SNRTc) and effective refractory(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) cation channels mediate pacemaker currents in the atrium. The microRNA (miR) families miR-1 and miR-133 regulate the expression of multiple genes involved in myocardial function, including HCN channels. It was hypothesized that age‑dependent changes in HCN2, HCN4, miR‑1 and miR‑133 expression may(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is characterized by left ventricular enlargement, systolic dysfunction, and heart failure. Both genetic and non-genetic factors have been linked to DCM pathogenesis. Familial DCM (FDCM) accounts for 20%-50% of all DCM cases, highlighting the importance of genetics in pathogenesis. Indeed, more than 40 DCM-associated(More)
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