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Implementing a complex spelling program using a steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interface (BCI) remains a challenge due to difficulties in stimulus presentation and target identification. This study aims to explore the feasibility of mixed frequency and phase coding in building a high-speed SSVEP speller with a computer(More)
Dry and noncontact electroencephalographic (EEG) electrodes, which do not require gel or even direct scalp coupling, have been considered as an enabler of practical, real-world, brain-computer interface (BCI) platforms. This study compares wet electrodes to dry and through hair, noncontact electrodes within a steady state visual evoked potential (SSVEP) BCI(More)
Moving a brain-computer interface (BCI) system from a laboratory demonstration to real-life applications still poses severe challenges to the BCI community. This study aims to integrate a mobile and wireless electroencephalogram (EEG) system and a signal-processing platform based on a cell phone into a truly wearable and wireless online BCI. Its(More)
Canonical correlation analysis (CCA) has been widely used in the detection of the steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEPs) in brain-computer interfaces (BCIs). The standard CCA method, which uses sinusoidal signals as reference signals, was first proposed for SSVEP detection without calibration. However, the detection performance can be deteriorated(More)
The development of many telemedicine systems focus on the utility of communication techniques. However, the comfort of long-term Electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring in daily life is necessary and is also an important unresolved issue. A wearable mobile electrocardiogram monitoring system (WMEMS) is proposed to monitor ECG in this study. It mainly consists of(More)
An augmented brain computer interface that can detect users' brain states in real-life situations has been developed using wireless EEG headsets, smart phones and ubiquitous computing services. This kind of wearable natural user interfaces will have a wide-range of potential applications in future smart environments. This paper describes its ubiquitous(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) often use spatial filters to improve signal-to-noise ratio of task-related EEG activities. To obtain robust spatial filters, large amounts of labeled data, which are often expensive and labor-intensive to obtain, need to be collected in a training procedure before online BCI control. Several(More)
This study integrates visual stimulus presentation and near real-time data processing on a mobile device (e.g. a Tablet or a cell-phone) to implement a steady-state visual evoked potentials (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interface (BCI). The goal of this study is to increase the practicability, portability and ubiquity of an SSVEP-based BCI for daily use. The(More)
Steady State Visual Evoked Potentials (SSVEPs) have been used to quantify attention-related neural activity to visual targets. This study investigates how empirical mode decomposition (EMD) can improve detection accuracy and rate of SSVEPs. First, the scalp-recorded electroencephalogram (EEG) signals are decomposed into intrinsic mode functions (IMFs) by(More)
This paper describes the voluntary eye blink detection method using electrooculogram (EOG). There are still challenge problems to put brain-computer interface (BCI) systems to real-life applications. In general BCI systems, there is a possibility of incorrect and unintentional input because input is automatically selected even if the requirements are(More)