BACKGROUND Animal behavior is governed by the activity of interconnected brain circuits. Comprehensive brain wiring maps are thus needed in order to formulate hypotheses about information flow and also to guide genetic manipulations aimed at understanding how genes and circuits orchestrate complex behaviors. RESULTS To assemble this map, we deconstructed… (More)
Drosophila melanogaster is a well-studied model organism, especially in the field of neurophysiology and neural circuits. The brain of the Drosophila is small but complex, and the image of a single neuron in the brain can be acquired using confocal microscopy. Analyzing the Drosophila brain is an ideal start to understanding the neural structure. The most… (More)
The apical four-chamber view echocardiogram collected by a transthoracic transducer can be used to evaluate the left ventricle volume. In the diastole, the left ventricle and left atrium become one chamber. In this case, the left ventricle and left atrium need to be separated using a "mitral annular line" so the volume of the left ventricle can be… (More)
Computed radiography (CR) has many advantages such as filmless operations, efficiency, and convenience. Furthermore, it is easier to integrate with the picture archiving and communication systems. Another important advantage is that CR images generally have a wider dynamic range than conventional screen film. Unfortunately, grid artifacts and moiré pattern… (More)
Let S be a set of n reals. We show how to process on-line T membership queries, insertions, and deletions in time OtT log (n + T) + (n + T) log T). This is optimal in the binary comparison model.
Gel electrophoresis (GE) is an important tool in genomic analysis. GE results are presented using images. Each image contains several vertical lanes. Each lane consists of several horizontal bands. Two lanes are identical if the relative positions of the bands are the same. We present a computer method designed to compare the lanes and identify identical… (More)