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The regulation of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis appears to be under the control of an array of hematopoietic growth factors. To determine the relationship of endogenous thrombopoietic cytokine levels and circulating platelet (PLT) counts, we measured the levels of thrombo-poietin (TPO), interleukin-11 (IL-11), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in patients(More)
Host defenses in the human neonate are limited by immaturity in phagocytic immunity. Such limitations seem to predispose infected newborns to neutropenia from an exhaustion of the neutrophil reserve. Among the critical defects thus far identified in neonatal phagocytic immunity is a specific reduction in the capacity of mononuclear cells to express(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) with potentially important clinical applications have been generated from human peripheral blood monocytes and CD34(+) cells in the presence of recombinant cytokines granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) + interleukin-4 (IL-4) and GM-CSF + tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), respectively. Many of the studies(More)
We have previously shown that protein production and mRNA expression of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), and interleukin-3 are decreased in stimulated mononuclear cells (MNCs) from human umbilical cord compared with adult peripheral blood. These deficiencies may contribute to the(More)
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is an important lymphokine regulating natural killer (NK) activity, T-cell proliferation, and T-cell cytotoxic activities. We hypothesized that the reduced expression and production of IL-15 from cord blood (CB) may contribute to the immaturity of CB immunity and potentially delay immune reconstitution after CB transplantation. We(More)
We investigated cord and adult production of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), expression of GM-CSF mRNA from unstimulated and activated mononuclear cells, and the affinity and presence of GM-CSF receptors on mature effector cells in an attempt to better understand the underlying pathophysiology of altered neonatal host defense.(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a critical cytokine regulating natural killer (NK) and T-cell function. We hypothesized that the impaired ability of cord blood (CB) to produce normal adult levels of IL-12 in response to stimulation may contribute to the immaturity of CB immunity. Furthermore, exogenous IL-12 may compensate for the immaturity in CB cellular(More)
We have previously demonstrated an inverse relationship between circulating endogenous G-CSF levels and myeloid engraftment post-BMT. A new early-acting hematopoietic growth factor, Steel factor (SLF), has recently been demonstrated to induce the proliferation of early hematopoietic progenitor cells and synergistically stimulate committed progenitor cells(More)
Myeloid engraftment after bone marrow transplantation (BMT) is influenced by a number of variables, including cytoreductive chemoradiotherapy, genetic disparity, number of reinfused committed myeloid progenitor cells, healthy microenvironment, and the presence of hematopoietic growth factors. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulates(More)
PURPOSE An immaturity in humoral, cellular, and phagocytic immunity predisposes the newborn to overwhelming bacterial infection. The maturation and proliferation of early hemapoietic stem cells give rise to all three of these aspects of immunity. Defects in the regulation of early hematopoiesis may account in part for the immaturity of neonatal host(More)