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Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is a system that uses radio frequency to transmit identification wirelessly. Its functionality is much more powerful than bar code system, with which a contacting reader must be used to read the bar code. RFID, on the other hand, may read the information stored in a tag with a non-contact reader from a distance as far(More)
Concept map model has been widely used in e-learning for various applications. However, in the past researches, there are few attentions paid on constructing the personal concept map for diagnosing learner's learning status. Actually, it is difficult to construct the individual concept maps to reflect the real knowledge structure by learners themselves. To(More)
Literatures have indicated that well-balanced groups facilitate students’ learning performance in collaborative learning environments. For instructors, to construct well-balanced groups needs to take efforts and time to consider large number of students and characteristics. Hence, how to automatically construct well-balanced collaborative learning groups(More)
Computerised testing and diagnostics are critical challenges within an e-learning environment, where the learners can assess their learning performance through tests. However, a test result based on only a single score is insufficient information to provide a full picture of learning performance. In addition, because test results implicitly include(More)
An important issue in personalized learning is to provide learners with customized learning according to their learning characteristics. This paper focused attention on scheming learning map as follows. The learning goal can be achieved via different pathways based on alternative materials, which have the relationships of prerequisite, dependence, and(More)
The grouping problem is critical in collaborative learning (CL) because of the complexity and difficulty in adequate grouping, based on various grouping criteria and numerous learners. Previous studies have paid attention to certain research questions, and the consideration for a number of learner characteristics has arisen. Such a multi-objective grouping(More)
Concept map model has been widely used in e-learning for various applications. However, in the past researches, there are few attentions paid on constructing the personal concept map for diagnosing learner's learning status. Actually, it is difficult to construct the individual concept maps to reflect the real knowledge structure by learners themselves. To(More)
The artificial intelligence has been applied to the area of medical care in the last decade, in which a large number of expert systems were constructed to help medical diagnoses. With the increase of medical care and tourism, many information technologies have been integrated and employed in personal medical care and tourism. In this study, the mobile(More)
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