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Capsular polysaccharide (CPS) was obtained by water-saline extraction of the Alteromonas sp. CMM 155. On the basis of solvolysis with anhydrous HF and 1H- and 13C-NMR spectral data, including NOE experiments, it was concluded that the capsular polysaccharide had the following structure containing novel N-acyl-amino sugar and bacillosamine residues: -->(More)
The polysaccharide of the O-specific side chain of the lipopolysaccharide from the Yersinia pseudotuberculosis VA serovar has been isolated and studied. The structural pattern of the chemical repeating unit of the specific polysaccharide has been proposed as follows: (formula; see text).
New glycolipids, derived from chitooligosaccharides of dp 2-4 and containing both free and acylated amino groups, were synthesized. The structure of the key compounds (di-, tri-, and tetra-saccharides acylated with different fatty acids) were elucidated by 13C NMR spectroscopy. Only the amino group of the reducing end of the chitooligosaccharides was found(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fractions were isolated from three species of blue-green algae of the genus Phormidium, namely, P. africanum, P. laminosum, and P. uncinatum, by using a phenol-water procedure followed by exhaustive extraction with ammonium oxalate. The materials obtained were shown to be closely related biochemically. Nearly 60% of the LPS(More)
A pectic polysaccharide named comaruman (CP) was extracted from the aerial part of Comarum palustre with 0.7% aqueous ammonium oxalate and subsequent precipitation with ethanol. Oral administration of comaruman (5-100 mg/kg) was found to reduce a paw edema observed 24 h after injection of 2% formalin in mice. A fraction of comaruman (CP-H9) exhibited a(More)
The effects of the polysaccharides isolated from the intact plant (pectic polysaccharides P1, P2 and P3) and from the callus (acidic arabinogalactan C1 and pectin C2) of Silene vulgaris on phagocytic activity were studied in relation to an uptaking capacity and a myeloperoxidase activity of the peripheral human neutrophils and monocytes and rat peritoneal(More)
The effect of a 82 MDa plasmid or its 25 MDa DNA fragment and growth temperature on the qualitative and the quantitative fatty acid and phospholipid composition of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis cells has been examined. In the cold, plasmid-containing and plasmid-free strains failed to differ appreciably in the contents of phospholipid and fatty acid. The(More)
Lipopolysaccharides from Yersinia enterocolitica serovars O:1,2a,3, O:2a,2b,3 and O:3 have been isolated and characterized. 6-Deoxy-L-altrose residues were shown to be the main constituents of lipopolysaccharides isolated in addition to residues of L-rhamnose, D-glucose, D-galactose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose, 2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-galactose,(More)