Yu. S. Levik

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Postural instability changes the weighting of different types of sensory information and the state of the equilibrium maintenance system. We have recently found that the effect of Achilles tendon vibration (so-called 'vibration-induced falling') strongly diminishes during unstable posture. However, it is unclear whether the state of postural instability has(More)
We attempted to elicit automatic stepping in healthy humans using appropriate afferent stimulation. It was found that continuous leg muscle vibration produced rhythmic locomotor-like stepping movements of the suspended leg, persisting up to the end of stimulation and sometimes outlasting it by a few cycles. Air-stepping elicited by vibration did not differ(More)
Does the state of postural instability require a high hierarchical level of posture control? Electromyographic (EMG) activity of leg muscles was recorded during transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the motor cortex and electrical stimulation of the tibial nerve (H-reflex) in healthy subjects standing on a rigid floor and on a rocking platform. In the(More)
Postactivation effects consisting of protracted involuntary muscular contraction after 30–60 sec sustained voluntary effort were investigated. It was found that postactivation effects may be observed at the proximal muscles (uninvolved in the voluntary activity) following distal muscle contraction. Testing the state of muscles by the vibration activity of(More)
This article describes the results of the “ellipses” experiment conducted during the second French-Soviet spaceflight (project Aragatz). The realization of oriented motor tasks, on the basis of internal body representation and without visual feedback, was chosen as a paradigm for studying the determinants of spatial orientation under weightlessness. The(More)
Horizontal eye movements were recorded in eight healthy subjects during super-slow trunk rotation with respect to the space-stationary head. In some trials, subjects simultaneously indicated their perception of selfmotion by means of a joystick. Over the frequency range employed (0.007–0.05 cycles per second, ±20°), all subjects perceived the relative(More)
During a balanced bilateral vibration of tensor fasciae latae muscles evoking no evident postural changes in a standing human the slow head turns resulted in a pronounced lateral common gravity centre displacements to the 'occipital' side. Neck influences were most prominent at intermediate tonic background and were lacking both during very weak and strong(More)
Healthy humans maintained equilibrium on rocking supports (seesaw) of different curvatures and heights. We recorded platform tilt, horizontal displacements of the upper body, ankle joint angle and activity of ankle joint muscles. Subjects maintained balance by making seesaw rotations placing the support under the body's centre-of-gravity. Forward(More)
The interaction of visual and proprioceptive afferentation were studied in the motor task for discrimination of weights of falling objects. The availability of visual information reduced the time of motor response; however, the degree of shortening depended on the type of this information. The decrease in the response time was significantly greater when the(More)
The relationship between postural oscillations and variations of the force of grip on a finger-held object while keeping balance on an unstable support was studied. The distribution median of the intervals between peaks in the sagittal stabilogram and the nearest peaks in the grip force recording from one and the same test proved smaller than that obtained(More)