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Previous studies have documented that the barrier function of epithelial or endothelial monolayers is deranged when cellular ATP levels are rapidly decreased to very low levels by inhibitors of mitochondrial and glycolytic function. We hypothesized that lesser degrees of ATP depletion also might affect epithelial permeability, particularly if the(More)
AIM To report on a Chinese multicenter series of hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML) patients and to study the characteristics and the treatment strategy of the disease. METHOD Data of 94 patients diagnosed with HAML from four institutions of China between December 1997 and January 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Immunohistochemical assays were performed on(More)
Omega--3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential components required for normal cellular function and have been shown to exert many preventive and therapeutic actions. The amount of n--3 PUFAs is insufficient in most Western people, whereas the level of n--6 PUFAs is relatively too high, with an n--6/n--3 ratio of >18. These two classes of PUFAs(More)
WT1 encodes a zinc-finger protein, expressed as distinct isoforms, that is inactivated in a subset of Wilms tumors. Both constitutional and somatic mutations disrupting the DNA-binding domain of WT1 result in a potentially dominant-negative phenotype. In generating inducible cell lines expressing wild-type isoforms of WT1 and WT1 mutants, we observed(More)
The binding of IgG in antiserum to Escherichia coli J5 to the surface of Enterobacteriaceae and to cell wall fragments released from serum-exposed bacteria was studied in a search for potentially protective epitopes other than lipopolysaccharide (LPS). IgG titers to multiple heterologous gram-negative smooth bacteria increased following incubation of the(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) chemically extracted from gram-negative bacteria is often used in animal models to study endotoxemia. Laser confocal microscopy and immunofluorescence staining for comparison of injections of live Escherichia coli O111:B4 bacteria with LPS extracted from the same strain showed that cellular localization and time course in rat organs(More)
BACKGROUND Two feet-one hand syndrome (bilateral plantar tinea pedis with coexistent unilateral tinea manuum) is commonly seen in dermatology clinics, but the cause of the unilateral hand involvement remains unresolved. AIMS To investigate the unilateral hand involvement in this syndrome. METHODS This was a case-control study. The experimental group(More)
High levels of circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) cause intestinal inflammation and increased permeability to bacteria and toxins. To better understand the effects of LPS on the gut, confocal microscopy and immunofluorescence staining were used to examine the distribution of LPS in the rat intestine after intravenous or enteral administration. LPS was(More)
The development of microarray technology makes it possible to simultaneously assay the expression level of hundreds to tens of thousands of mRNA transcripts in one experiment. Genome-wide transcriptional analysis has increasing importance for many areas of neuroendocrinology research. The expense and technical complexity of microarray experiments can make(More)
Distributions of immunoreactive interleukin-1 (IL-1) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were studied in the tissues of rats after intravenous injection of purified LPS or live Escherichia coli bacteria. IL-1 staining in the spleen peaked at 4-8 h, colocalized with LPS in marginal zone macrophages, and was undetectable 24 h after injection, whereas LPS staining(More)