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Gold nanoparticles are widely used in biomedical imaging and diagnostic tests. Based on their established use in the laboratory and the chemical stability of Au(0), gold nanoparticles were expected to be safe. The recent literature, however, contains conflicting data regarding the cytotoxicity of gold nanoparticles. Against this background a systematic(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is activated after DNA damage to maintain genomic stability and prevent transformation. Rapid activation of p53 by ionizing radiation is dependent on signaling by the ATM kinase. MDM2 and MDMX are important p53 regulators and logical targets for stress signals. We found that DNA damage induces ATM-dependent phosphorylation and(More)
BACKGROUND The interleukin-28B gene (IL28B) locus has been associated with host resistance to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and response to PEG-IFN/RBV treatment in western populations. This study was to determine whether this gene variant is also associated with spontaneous clearance of HCV infection, treatment response and IL-28B protein production in(More)
Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are generally considered nontoxic, similar to bulk gold, which is inert and biocompatible. AuNPs of diameter 1.4 nm capped with triphenylphosphine monosulfonate (TPPMS), Au1.4MS, are much more cytotoxic than 15-nm nanoparticles (Au15MS) of similar chemical composition. Here, major cell-death pathways are studied and it is(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that the Wnt/β-catenin signaling plays an important role in stem cell aging. However, the mechanisms of cell senescence induced by Wnt/β-catenin signaling are still poorly understood. Our preliminary study has indicated that activated Wnt/β-catenin signaling can induce MSC aging. In this study, we reported that the(More)
Carotenoids represent some of the most important secondary metabolites in the human diet, and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a rich source of these health-promoting compounds. In this work, a novel and fruit-related regulator of pigment accumulation in tomato has been identified by artificial neural network inference analysis and its function validated in(More)
Heterologous protein expression levels can not be evaluated in real-time by experimental procedures commonly used for most expression systems during host cell culture. Rb. sphaeroides has provided an ideal system for studying both photosynthesis and membrane development and exhibited potential as a novel expression system. We constructed the puc1BA and(More)
BACKGROUND Insulinoma is a neuroendocrine tumor derived from the β cells of pancreatic islets. They are usually relatively inaccessible for surgical intervention. High expression levels of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor have been detected in insulinoma. AIM The aim of the study was to evaluate the potential of F-radiolabeled GLP-1 analog(More)
A novel member of the AP2/ERF transcription factor family, SlERF5, was identified from a tomato mature leaf cDNA library screen. The complete DNA sequence of SlERF5 encodes a putative 244-amino acid DNA-binding protein which most likely acts as a transcriptional regulator and is a member of the ethylene responsive factor (ERF) superfamily. Analysis of the(More)
The p53 tumor suppressor is regulated by MDM2-mediated ubiquitination and degradation. Mitogenic signals activate p53 by induction of ARF expression, which inhibits p53 ubiquitination by MDM2. Recent studies showed that the MDM2 homolog MDMX is also an important regulator of p53. We present evidence that MDM2 promotes MDMX ubiquitination and degradation by(More)