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Potential energy calculations of the DNA duplex dimeric subunit show that the double helix may be bent in the direction of minor and major grooves much more easily than in other directions. It is found that the total winding angle of DNA decreases upon such bending. A new model for DNA folding in the nucleosome is proposed on the basis of these findings(More)
A 14 nt DNA sequence 5'-AGAATGTGGCAAAG-3' from the zinc finger repeat of the human KRAB zinc finger protein gene ZNF91 bearing the intercalator 2-methoxy,6-chloro,9-amino acridine (Acr) attached to the sugar-phosphate backbone in various positions has been shown to form a specific triple helix (triplex) with a 16 bp hairpin (intramolecular) or a(More)
The human mu opioid receptor (MOR) plays a central role in mediating the effects of opioids, both endogenous and exogenous. Epidemiological studies have shown that addiction in general, and especially opiate addiction, has a heritable component. Clinical and laboratory studies suggest that the MOR gene may contribute to the heritable component of(More)
Oligonucleotide microchips are manufactured by immobilizing presynthesized oligonucleotides within 0.1 x 0.1 x 0.02 mm or 1 x 1 x 0.02 mm polyacrylamide gel pads arranged on the surface of a microscope slide. The gel pads are separated from each other by hydrophobic glass spacers and serve as a kind of 'microtest tube' of 200 pl or 20 nl volume,(More)
The thermal fluctuations of a regular double helix belonging to the B-family were studied by means of atom-atomic potentials method. The winding angle fluctuation was found to be 2.4 degrees for poly(dA):poly(dT) and 3.0 degrees for poly(dG):poly(dC). The reasonable agreement of these estimations with those obtained experimentally reveals the essential role(More)
To expand the informational capabilities of molecular genetic research, on the biological microchips, new indotricarbocyanine dyes that fluoresce in the near infrared (IR) spectral region have been synthesized. The developed IR dyes were studied using a biochip-based test system for detection of mutations in the BRCA1/BRCA2 and CHECK2 genes associated with(More)
In order to study the effect of an electrical charge of the chromophore, on the efficiency of incorporation of fluorescently-labeled nucleotides into DNA during PCR, three fluorescently-labeled dUPT, one of which with electroneutral and other two with positively and negatively charged dyes (Cy5 analogs), were synthesized. It is shown that dUPT, labeled with(More)
DNA sequencing by hybridization on oligonucleotide microchip (SHOM) allows the determination of a spectrum of overlapping oligonucleotides constituting a DNA fragment that hybridizes to form perfect duplexes with an array of immobilized oligonucleotides and, as a result, enables reconstitution of the nucleotide sequence of the fragment. In longer DNA(More)