To determine the involvement of the corticospinal tract in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), we examined central motor conduction in patients with GBS-like symptoms and hyperreflexia using a magnetic stimulation technique. The subjects were 3 patients who exhibited ascending muscle weakness 2-4 weeks after preceding infections. Deep tendon reflexes were… (More)
Giant-axonal neuropathy (GAN), a chronic peripheral neuropathy with associated Central Nervous System dysfunction and tight curly hair, is described in a 17-year-old girl. Biopsies of this girl's muscle and nerve are characteristic of this condition. Her clinical course over a 12 year period characterizes a disease of a slowly progressive nature.
OBJECTIVES Several serum antibodies against gangliosides are diagnostically important, particularly in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), Miller Fisher syndrome (MFS), and multifocal motor neuropathy (MMN). Although hyperreflexia is an atypical symptom in these disorders, it has been found in some patients with GBS, MFS, and MMN. The aim of the study was to… (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered as risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationship of CKD and DM with the presence of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). METHODS We enrolled 261 patients with AAA (AAA+) and age-and-sex matched 261 patients without… (More)
A 19-year-old man with cervical myeloradiculopathy is reported. He was admitted to our hospital because of acute muscle weakness of upper limbs, which developed two weeks after respiratory tract infection. Neurologic examination revealed prominent muscular weakness of upper limbs. Deep tendon reflexes showed hyporeflexia in upper limbs and hyperreflexia in… (More)
PURPOSE To develop a new treatment in glaucoma-filtering surgery using combined treatment with electroporation and the antiproliferative drug bleomycin. METHODS Pigmented rabbits were treated with both bleomycin (10 micrograms/ml) and localized electric pulses (EP) using a special probe (5 V/cm, 100 msec, 8 pulses) (n = 10; group A). After EP treatment,… (More)
A 67-year-old diabetic man suffered from right neovascular glaucoma following the ipsilateral cataract surgery. Three years later, he underwent left cataract surgery and again developed left neovascular glaucoma after the operation. Fluorescein angiogram showed a marked delay in retinal circulation. Moreover, severe stenosis of bilateral carotid origins and… (More)
Muscle biopsies from 12 patients with a typical clinical picture of dermatomyositis have been examined by electron microscopy. Endothelial cells of intramuscular blood vessels, their basal lamina, pericytes, muscle fibers, and satellite cells show degenerative or regenerative alterations. In nine patients, tubular arrays were noted in the cisterns of… (More)