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Cognitive impairments in Huntington's disease (HD) are attributed to a dysfunction of the cortico-striatal pathway and significantly affect the quality of life of the patients, but this has not been a therapeutic focus in HD to date. We postulated that adenosine A(2A) receptors (A(2A)R), located at pre- and post-synaptic elements of the cortico-striatal(More)
Our aim was to study the aging effects on the in vitro biological properties of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for construction of tissue-engineered heart valves. BMSCs were taken from teenagers with congenital heart diseases, and middle-aged and elderly patients with valvular diseases. Proliferative abilities were compared among the(More)
An aberrant pancreatic lobe associated with an enteric duplication cyst is a rare cause of relapsing pancreatitis in childhood. We present an 8-year-old boy with relapsing pancreatitis caused by this rare congenital foregut anomaly. The computed tomography (CT) findings revealed an unusually long segment of aberrant pancreatic lobe arising from the(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a common autosomal recessive disorder which causes more than 90% of CAH cases due to defects in the steroid 21-hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2). The frequency of large mutations was determined in 200 ethnic Chinese (i.e., Taiwanese) CAH patients belonging to 200 families with different clinical forms of CYP21A2 deficiency(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) and caspase-3 expression on hepatocyte apoptosis in experimental model of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). METHODS Mouse experimental model of FHF was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and D-galactosamine (D-GalN). Serum TNFalpha level and TNFalpha mRNA expression in liver were tested(More)
The 21 century has marked an unprecedented advancement of new media. New media has become so pervasive that it has penetrated into every aspect of our society. New media literacy plays an essential role for any citizen to participate fully in the 21 century society. Researchers have documented that literacy has evolved historically from classic literacy(More)
Cotton is one of the important oil crops, and it is great significance for screening and identification of breeding materials to establish a method of the rapid, nondestructive testing of cotton seed oil content. In this study, near-infrared diffuse reflection spectroscopy of 118 high and low oil materials were adopted to establish models for fast(More)
Albumin, which is the most abundant component of urine proteins, exerts injurious effects on renal cells in chronic kidney diseases. However, the toxicity of albumin to podocytes is not well elucidated. Here, we show that a high concentration of albumin triggers intracellular calcium ([Ca(2+)](i)) increase through mechanisms involving the intracellular(More)
Numerous studies have shown that the NALP3 inflammasome plays an important role in various immune and inflammatory diseases. However, whether the NALP3 inflammasome is involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN) is unclear. In our study, we confirmed that high glucose (HG) concentrations induced NALP3 inflammasome activation both in vivo and(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cytokines, leptin and vascular tone-related chemokine and nitric oxide (NO) in type 1 diabetic children. DESIGN AND METHODS Serum samples were collected from 58 children with type 1 diabetes and 33 of their healthy siblings. RESULTS Serum interleukin (IL)-8 was significantly(More)