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Control of plasma membrane connexin hemichannel opening is indispensable, and is achieved by physiological extracellular divalent ion concentrations. Here, we explore the differences between regulation by Ca(2+) and Mg(2+) of human connexin26 (hCx26) hemichannels and the role of a specific interaction in regulation by Ca (2+). To effect hemichannel closure,(More)
Intercellular coupling mediated by gap junction channels composed of connexin protein underlies numerous physiological processes, such as cellular differentiation, tissue synchronization and metabolic homoeostasis. The distinct molecular permeability of junctional channels composed of different connexin isoforms allows cellular control of coupling via(More)
Connexins constitute a family of transmembrane proteins , with at least 21 members in humans, and are found in almost all cell types (Willecke et al., 2002). They form gap junction channels (GJCs) that mediate intercellular communication crucial in diverse processes including development and physiology, as well as response to trauma, inflammation, and(More)
Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (ACP) is an essential mineral phase formed in mineralized tissues and the first commercial product as artificial hydroxyapatite. ACP is unique among all forms of calcium phosphates in that it lacks long-range, periodic atomic scale order of crystalline calcium phosphates. The X-ray diffraction pattern is broad and diffuse with a(More)
Spiny burs of Castanea mollissima Blume (Chinese chestnut) are usually discarded as industrial waste during post-harvesting processing. The objective of this study was to establish an extraction and isolation procedure for tannins from chestnut burs, and to assess their potential antioxidant activity. Aqueous ethanol solution was used as extraction solvent,(More)
Tilted fiber Bragg grating (TFBG) biosensors can be used as a cost-effective and relatively simple-to-implement alternative to well established biosensor platforms for high sensitivity biological sample measurements in situ or possibly in vivo. The fiber biosensor presented in this study utilizes an in-fiber 12° tilted Bragg grating to excite a strong(More)
Lateral root constitutes an important part of root system either in tap root plants or fibrous root plants. The development of lateral root primordium (LRP) in Arabidopsis, which has a tap root system with simple radial structure of primary root, has been well characterized. However, limited knowledge has been acquired on the plants with fibrous root(More)
Because of the large size and modest selectivity of the connexin hemichannel aqueous pore, hemichannel opening must be highly regulated to maintain cell viability. At normal resting potentials, this regulation is achieved predominantly by the physiological extracellular Ca(2+) concentration, which drastically reduces hemichannel activity. Here, we(More)
Brazilian offshore crude oil exploration has increased after the discovery of new reservoirs in the region known as pré-sal, in a depth of 7.000 m under the water surface. Oceanic islands near these areas represent sensitive environments, where changes in microbial communities due oil contamination could stand for the loss of metabolic functions, with(More)
Cysteine-scanning mutagenesis combined with thiol reagent modification is a powerful method with which to define the pore-lining elements of channels and the changes in structure that accompany channel gating. Using the Xenopus laevis oocyte expression system and two-electrode voltage clamp, we performed cysteine-scanning mutagenesis of several pore-lining(More)