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Netrins regulate axon path-finding during development, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Here, we provide evidence for the involvement of the unconventional myosin X (Myo X) in netrin-1 function. We find that Myo X interacts with the netrin receptor deleted in colorectal cancer (DCC) and neogenin, a DCC-related protein. Expression of(More)
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is a cAMP-activated chloride channel expressed in a wide variety of epithelial cells, mutations of which are responsible for the hallmark defective chloride secretion observed in cystic fibrosis (CF). Although CFTR has been implicated in bicarbonate secretion, its ability to directly mediate(More)
BACKGROUND The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) hampers TB control. Ten provinces in China performed drug resistance surveys among tuberculosis (TB) patients in 1996-2004 to assess levels of drug resistance. METHODS Provincial drug resistance surveys included all isolates from newly diagnosed, smear-positive TB patients. Drug susceptibility(More)
Neogenin has been identified as a receptor for the neuronal axon guidance cues netrins and RGMs (repulsive guidance molecules). Here we provide evidence for neogenin in regulating endochondral bone development and BMP (bone morphogenetic protein) signaling. Neogenin-deficient mice were impaired in digit/limb development and endochondral ossification. BMP2(More)
Here we investigated thermo-sensitive Pluronic(R) F127 (PF127) hydrogel for the controlled release of peptide and protein drugs after subcutaneous injection, using an antithrombotic polypeptide, recombinant hirudin variant-2 (rHV2), as the model drug. The in vitro release experiment performed with a membrane-less model at 37 degrees C showed that the(More)
Netrins, a family of secreted molecules, have critical functions in axon guidance and cell migration during neuronal development. In addition to its role as a chemotropic molecule, netrin-1 also acts as a survival factor. Both UNC5 (that is, UNC5A, UNC5B, UNC5C or UNC5D) and DCC are transmembrane receptors for netrin-1 (Refs 8, 9). In the absence of(More)
Decreased GLUT4 expression and impaired GLUT4 cell membrane translocation are involved in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) pathogenesis so the factors impacting GLUT4 expression may be associated with T2DM. In this study, we identified four miRNAs: miR-31, miR-93, miR-146a, and miR-199a which suppress GLUT4 expression in HEK293T cells. Subsequently, we(More)
12/15-Lipoxygenase (LOX) is a member of the LOX family that catalyzes the step from arachidonic acid to hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs). Previous studies demonstrated that 12/15-LOX plays a critical role in the development of atherosclerosis, hypertension, heart failure, and other diseases; however, its role in myocardial ischemic injury was(More)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by a deficit in β-cell function and mass, and its incidence increases with age. Autophagy is a highly regulated intracellular process for degrading cytoplasmic components, particularly protein aggregates and damaged organelles. Impaired or deficient autophagy is believed to cause or contribute to aging and age-related(More)
Cell-microstructure surface interactions play a significant role in tissue engineering to guide cell spreading and migration. However, the mechanisms underlying cell-topography interactions are complex and remain elusive. To address this topic, microsphere array patterns were prepared on silk fibroin films through polystyrene microsphere self-assembly,(More)