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This paper presents the design, simulation, and characterization of microfabricated 0.5 MHz, silicon-based, ultrasonic nozzles. Each nozzle is made of a piezoelectric drive section and a silicon resonator consisting of multiple Fourier horns, each with half wavelength design and twice amplitude magnification. Results of finite element three-dimensional(More)
A capillary wave was created on a surface by vibrating from the bottom of a container. When the amplitude of the container vibration approached the critical point, called the onset state, the surface broke up and bursted into very small drops on the air. The numerical analysis was used to determine the amplitude of the onset. The onset point was found to be(More)
A cDNA fragment coding for domains I and II of mouse macrophage metalloelastase (MME) was transfected into murine CT-26 colon cancer cells that are MME deficient. An orthotopic implantation model was established by using MME-transfected cells. In MME-transfected primary tumors, it demonstrated that tumor growth and microvessel formation were significantly(More)
Monodisperse ethanol droplets 2.4 microm and water droplets 4.5 microm in diameter have been produced in ultrasonic atomization using 1.5- and 1.0-MHz microelectromechanical system (MEMS)-based silicon nozzles, respectively. The 1.5- and 1.0-MHz nozzles, each consisting of 3 Fourier horns in resonance, measured 1.20 cm x 0.15 cm x .11 cm and 1.79 cm x 0.21(More)
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