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BACKGROUND The cellulose synthase and cellulose synthase-like gene superfamily (CESA/CSL) is proposed to encode enzymes for cellulose and non-cellulosic matrix polysaccharide synthesis in plants. Although the rice (Oryza sativa L.) genome has been sequenced for a few years, the global expression profiling patterns and functions of the OsCESA/CSL superfamily(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of chronic liver disease by infecting over 170 million people worldwide. Recent studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs), a class of small non-coding regulatory RNAs, are involved in the regulation of HCV infection, but their functions have not been systematically studied. We propose an integrative(More)
Human monkeypox was first recognized outside Africa in 2003 during an outbreak in the USA that was traced to imported monkeypox virus (MPXV)-infected West African rodents. Unlike the smallpox-like disease described in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC; a Congo Basin country), disease in the USA appeared milder. Here, analyses compared clinical,(More)
In acute neuronal insult events, such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, and spinal cord injury, pathological processes of secondary neuronal injury play a key role in the severity of insult and clinical prognosis. Along with nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is regarded as the third gasotransmitter and endogenous(More)
In the accompanying report ( Wypych, J., Li, M., Guo, A., Zhang, Z., Martinez, T., Allen, M. J., Fodor, S., Kelner, D. N., Flynn, G. C., Liu, Y. D., Bondarenko, P. V., Ricci, M. S., Dillon, T. M., and Balland, A. (2008) J. Biol. Chem. 283, 16194-16205 ), we have identified that the human IgG2 subclass exists as an ensemble of distinct isoforms, designated(More)
BACKGROUND The use of hypertonic crystalloid solutions, including sodium chloride and bicarbonate, for treating severe sepsis has been much debated in previous investigations. We have investigated the effects of three crystalloid solutions on fluid resuscitation in severe sepsis patients with hypotension. METHODS Ninety-four severe sepsis patients with(More)
Ethylene is commonly used as a latex stimulant of Hevea brasiliensis by application of ethephon (chloro-2-ethylphosphonic acid); however, the molecular mechanism by which ethylene increases latex production is not clear. To better understand the effects of ethylene stimulation on the laticiferous cells of rubber trees, a latex expressed sequence tag(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases 9 (MMP-9) and its endogenous inhibitor, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 (TIMP-1), regulate homeostasis and turnover of the extra cellular matrix (ECM). They play important roles in acute cerebral infarction (ACI). The contributions of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 to the early stages of ACI are not completely understood. This study(More)
OBJECTIVES To find and compare the levels of acceptance of and barriers to voluntary counselling and testing (VCT) among adults in two different counties of Guizhou province, China, one in which the China CARES project was operating and the other in which it was not. DESIGN A longitudinal design with two-stage cluster sampling was employed. METHODS A(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most neurodegenerative disorder leading to dementia. Neuritic plaque formation in brains is a hallmark of AD pathogenesis. Amyloid beta protein (Abeta) is the central component of neuritic plaques. Processing beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) at the beta-secretase site by the beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is(More)