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This study tried to investigate the relationships between serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protein levels and major depressive patients and discuss the effects of antidepressants on the serum BDNF protein levels. A total of 218 participants, including 111 patients with major depression (91 women) and 107 healthy controls (65 women), were(More)
Methadone is a racemic compound composed of the R-form and S-form enantiomers. The drug is usually used in maintenance therapy for the heroin-addicted patients. In our previous study, we found that the cytochrome P-450 (CYP) isozyme 2B6 preferentially metabolizes the S-methadone enantiomer. We thus tested whether CYP2B6 gene polymorphisms had any influence(More)
We report the first genome-wide association study of a joint analysis using 795 Han Chinese individuals with treatment-refractory schizophrenia (TRS) and 806 controls. Three loci showed suggestive significant association with TRS were identified. These loci include: rs10218843 (P = 3.04 × 10(-7)) and rs11265461 (P = 1.94 × 10(-7)) are adjacent to signaling(More)
BACKGROUND The marker D1S251 of chromosome 1q42.1 showed significant association with schizophrenia in a Taiwanese sample. We used single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) fine mapping to search for the vulnerability genes of schizophrenia. METHODS We selected 120 SNPs covering 1 Mb around D1S251 from the public database. These selected SNPs were initially(More)
AIM Paroxetine is a drug of choice in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD). Its metabolism has recently been reported to be mediated through the CYP enzymes 1A2 and 2D6. In our current study, we tested whether genetic polymorphisms in CYP1A2 are associated with the treatment efficacy and side effects of paroxetine. MATERIALS & METHODS A total(More)
AIMS The antidepressant escitalopram (S-CIT) is metabolized by the cytochrome-P450 (CYP) enzymes CYP 2D6, 2C19 and 3A4. This study evaluated the impact of CYP2D6, 2C19 and 3A4 genetic polymorphisms on plasma concentrations of S-CIT and patient treatment response. MATERIALS & METHODS A total of 100 patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder were(More)
OBJECTIVE ATP-binding cassette, sub-family B (MDR/TAP), member 1 (ABCB1) is a drug transporter protein expressed on the epithelial cells of the intestine and the endothelial cells of the blood-brain barrier. Intestinal ABCB1 actively transports drugs from the cell membrane and prevents them from entering the blood stream whereas the blood-brain barrier(More)
AIM The liver CYP1A2 enzyme may metabolize antidepressant escitalopram (S-CIT) to S-desmethylcitalopram (S-DCIT) and S-didesmethylcitalopram (S-DDCIT). This study tested whether genetic polymorphisms in the CYP1A2 gene are associated with the treatment responses to S-CIT. MATERIALS & METHODS Ten SNPs in CYP1A2 were selected and genotyped in 158 patients(More)
AIM To test whether the genetic polymorphisms within the gene encoding the UGT2B7 gene may have an impact on methadone treatment. MATERIALS & METHODS Twelve SNPs in UGT2B7 were selected. 366 methadone maintenance treatment patients in Taiwan were recruited and genotyped. RESULTS In a genotype recessive model, rs6600879, rs6600880, rs4554144, rs11940316,(More)
Increased risk of developing metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been associated with the APOA5, APOC1, BRAP, BUD13, CETP, LIPA, LPL, PLCG1, and ZPR1 genes. In this replication study, we reassessed whether these genes are associated with MetS and its individual components independently and/or through complex interactions in a Taiwanese population. We also(More)