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—This paper presents a geometric approach to the construction of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes. Four classes of LDPC codes are constructed based on the lines and points of Eu-clidean and projective geometries over finite fields. Codes of these four classes have good minimum distances and their Tanner graphs have girth 6. Finite-geometry LDPC codes(More)
BACKGROUND In the brain, the inducible form of heme oxygenase (HO-1) has been recently demonstrated to exacerbate early brain injury produced by intracerebral hemorrhagic stroke which incident rate has been correlated with cigarette smoking previously. Interestingly, cigarette smoke (CS) or chemicals present in CS have been shown to induce HO-1 expression(More)
In a series of studies carried out in different experimental models, we investigated the type(s) of lung afferents and mechanism(s) underlying the cigarette smoke-induced airway irritation and cough. In healthy non-smokers, the intensity of airway irritation and cough evoked by cigarette smoke was markedly reduced after premedication with hexamethonium. A(More)
Neonatal capsaicin treatment chronically ablates unmyelinated C fibers, yet also destroys a small amount of myelinated fibers. Inhalation of wood smoke evokes respiratory reflexes resulting from stimulation of both lung C-fiber nerve endings (unmyelinated afferents) and irritant receptors (myelinated afferents). This study investigated the influences of(More)
Patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) display enhanced laryngeal reflex reactivity to stimuli that may be due to sensitization of the laryngeal C-fibers by acid and pepsin. Menthol, a ligand of transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8), relieves throat irritation. However, the possibility that GERD induces laryngeal C-fiber(More)
The transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) is crucial in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis; yet its role and underlying mechanism in the formation of macrophage foam cells remain unclear. Here, we show increased TRPV1 expression in the area of foamy macrophages in atherosclerotic aortas of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Exposure of mouse(More)