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SORLA/SORL1 is a unique neuronal sorting receptor for the amyloid precursor protein that has been causally implicated in both sporadic and autosomal dominant familial forms of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Brain concentrations of SORLA are inversely correlated with amyloid-β (Aβ) in mouse models and AD patients, suggesting that increasing expression of this(More)
SorLA is a neuronal sorting receptor considered to be a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. We have recently reported that it directs lysosomal targeting of nascent neurotoxic amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides by directly binding Aβ. Here, we determined the crystal structure of the human sorLA domain responsible for Aβ capture, Vps10p, in an unbound state and(More)
Before considering the surgical treatment of patients with Ménière disease who would resist to various conservative therapies, including oral drug therapy, the author experimented the inner ear anesthetic therapy or the middle ear infusion therapy with a steroid solution, and each therapeutic result was compared. The results were as follows: 1) The(More)
Placement of a tag sequence is usually limited to either terminal end of the target protein, reducing the potential of epitope tags for various labeling applications. The PA tag is a dodecapeptide (GVAMPGAEDDVV) that is recognized by a high-affinity antibody NZ-1. We determined the crystal structure of the PA-tag-NZ-1 complex and found that NZ-1 recognizes(More)
We report on crystal structures of a carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of human C-type lectin receptor blood dendritic cell antigen-2 (BDCA2). Three different crystal forms were obtained at 1.8-2.3 Å resolution. In all three, the CRD has a basic C-type lectin fold, but a long loop extends away from the core domain to form a domain-swapped dimer. The(More)
Reelin is a 3461-residue secreted glycoprotein that plays a critical role in brain development through its action on target neurons. Although it is known that functional reelin protein exists as multimer formed by interchain disulfide bond(s) as well as through non-covalent interactions, the chemical nature of the multimer assembly has been elusive. In the(More)
Antibody fragments are frequently used as a "crystallization chaperone" to aid structural analysis of complex macromolecules that are otherwise crystallization resistant, but conventional fragment formats have not been designed for this particular application. By fusing an anti-parallel coiled-coil structure derived from the SARAH domain of human Mst1(More)
A point mutation in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) and IDH2 is directly linked to the pathogenesis of certain types of tumors. To detect this mutation, several antibodies that can distinguish between mutant and wild-type enzymes have been established. One of which, MsMab-1, has a unique multi-specific character against several types of mutated IDH1/2.(More)
Laminins regulate diverse cellular functions through interaction with integrins. Two regions of laminins-three laminin globular domains of the α chain (LG1-3) and the carboxyl-terminal tail of the γ chain (γ-tail)-are required for integrin binding, but it remains unclear how the γ-tail contributes to the binding. We determined the crystal structure of the(More)
Semaphorin axonal guidance factors are multifunctional proteins that play important roles in immune response, cancer cell proliferation, and organogenesis, making semaphorins and their signaling receptor plexins important drug targets for various diseases. However, the large and flat binding surface of the semaphorin-plexin interaction interface is(More)