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Neuropeptides are an important class of molecules involved in diverse aspects of metazoan development and homeostasis. Insects are ideal model systems to investigate neuropeptide functions, and the major focus of insect neuropeptide research in the last decade has been on the identification of their receptors. Despite these vigorous efforts, receptors for(More)
We have isolated the cDNAs of all enzymes involved in the mevalonate pathway portion of the juvenile hormone (JH) biosynthetic pathway in Bombyx mori, i.e., those responsible for the formation of farnesyl diphosphate from acetyl-CoA. There is a single gene encoding each enzyme of this pathway, with the exception of farnesyl diphosphate synthase (FPPS), for(More)
Juvenile hormone (JH) synthesis by the corpora allata (CA) does not occur during the pupal stage in both male and female Bombyx mori but begins shortly before adult ecdysis and thereafter only in females. JH biosynthesis in female adults was prevented by allatotropin (AT) through the corpora cardiaca (CC) and the tightly attached oesophagus before adult(More)
We examined the biochemical effects of arsenic on the activities of RET proto-oncogene (c-RET protein tyrosine kinases) and RET oncogene (RET-MEN2A and RET-PTC1 protein tyrosine kinases) products. Arsenic activated c-RET kinase with promotion of disulfide bond-mediated dimerization of c-RET protein. Arsenic further activated RET-MEN2A kinase, which was(More)
In holometabolus insects, morphology of the larval fat body is remodeled during metamorphosis. In higher Diptera, remodeling of the fat body is achieved by cell death of larval fat body cells and differentiation of the adult fat body from primordial cells. However, little is known about remodeling of the fat body at pupal metamorphosis in Lepidoptera. In(More)
During pupal metamorphosis, the anterior silk gland (ASG) of the silkworm, Bombyx mori, undergoes programmed cell death (PCD), which is triggered by 20-hydroxyecdysone (20E). Annexin IX (ANX IX) has been identified as a 20E-inducible gene in dying ASGs, and we show here that its expression is down-regulated in tissues destined to die but not in tissues that(More)
With the popularization of today’s mobile devices, the environment that enables us to publish and utilize information independent of location and time has been actualized. In the future, various kinds of sensors such as GPS as well as network-enabled appliances will also be connected to the Internet. By utilizing various kinds of information acquired(More)
Ecdysteroids and juvenile hormones (JHs) are key hormones that are responsible for insect molting and metamorphosis. JH maintains the larval state and the decline of its level in the hemolymph is crucial to elicit transformation to the pupal stage; therefore, the precise control of JH biosynthesis is necessary for normal development and the initiation of(More)
The moth Omphisa fuscidentalis (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) is a univoltine insect with a larval diapause period lasting up to 9 months. We studied changes in O(2) consumption in conjunction with cytochrome c oxidase activity and cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (cox1) gene expression. O(2) consumption changed within a day, showing a supradian rhythm with a(More)
Molting and metamorphosis are essential events for arthropod development, and juvenile hormone (JH) and its precursors play critical roles for these events. We examined the regulation of JH biosynthesis by the corpora allata (CA) in Bombyx mori, and found that intact brain-corpora cardiaca (CC)-CA complexes produced a smaller amount of JH than that in CC-CA(More)