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The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is critical for embryo implantation. Disturbance of this balance may lead to tumour metastasis. To understand the roles of MMP-26 and TIMP-4 in physiological and pathological invasion, the expression of these proteins in normal human cytotrophoblast(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the roles of Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1) in mouse embryo implantation. DESIGN Experimental prospective study. SETTING Animal research and institute laboratory facility. PATIENT(S) Virgin Kunming female mice and adult male mice. INTERVENTION(S) The expression of Dkk1 and its receptor Kremen1 in embryos and uteri was observed by(More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian epidermis is maintained by the ongoing proliferation of a subpopulation of keratinocytes known as epidermal stem cells. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) can regulate morphogenesis of hair follicles and several types of skin cancer, but the effect of Shh on proliferation of human putative epidermal stem cells (HPESCs) is poorly understood. (More)
BACKGROUND Human epidermis, a continuously renewing tissue, is maintained throughout life by stem cells that proliferate and replenish worn-out or damaged cells in the tissue. Cultured human epidermal stem cells have great potential in clinical application. However, isolating and culturing a pure population of epidermal stem cells has proven to be(More)
Epidermis, a continuously renewing tissue, is maintained by stem cells that proliferate and replenish worn out or damaged cells in the tissue during life. Cultured epidermal stem cells have great potential in scientific research and clinical application. However, isolating a pure and viable population of epidermal stem cells and culturing them has been(More)
Leptin is a 16-kDa multifunctional protein. Recent reports indicate that leptin is an important molecule during implantation and placentation, implicated in embryonic-maternal cross-talk and cytotrophoblast invasiveness, however, the role of leptin playing in the process of normal blastocyst implantation has not been well characterized. In the present(More)
Migration is an important process during cellular activity and embryo development. We recently showed that Dickkopf-1(Dkk-1), an antagonist of Wnt/ beta-catenin signaling pathway, could promote trophoblast cell invasion during murine placentation. However, mechanism of Dkk-1 action on cell migration was not clear. The objective of this study was to further(More)
The skin is susceptible to different injuries and diseases. One major obstacle in skin tissue engineering is how to develop functional three-dimensional (3D) substitute for damaged skin. Previous studies have proved a 3D dynamic simulated microgravity (SMG) culture system as a "stimulatory" environment for the proliferation and differentiation of stem(More)
Beta-catenin, the mammalian homolog of Drosophila armadillo protein, was first identified as a cadherin-associated protein at cell-cell junctions. Another function of beta-catenin is the transduction of cytosolic signals to the nucleus in a variety of cellular contexts, which usually are elicited by the active form of beta-catenin. The aim of the present(More)
Microgravity was simulated with a rotating wall vessel bioreactor (RWVB) in order to study its effect on pre-implantation embryonic development in mice. Three experimental groups were used: stationary control, rotational control and clinostat rotation. Three experiments were performed as follows. The first experiment showed that compared with the other two(More)