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The balance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) is critical for embryo implantation. Disturbance of this balance may lead to tumour metastasis. To understand the roles of MMP-26 and TIMP-4 in physiological and pathological invasion, the expression of these proteins in normal human cytotrophoblast(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMP), and MMP-TIMP interactions may contribute to the highly programmed process of embryo implantation. The loss of the delicate MMP-TIMP balance may lead to abnormal implantation. The role of TIMP-4 in mouse implantation has not been reported. This study examined mRNA and protein(More)
Calcyclin-binding protein (Siah-1-Interacting Protein, CacyBP/SIP), is a calcium signaling protein involved in the degradation of beta-catenin, however, little is known about its role in reproductive biology. The present study was to character its temporospatial expression pattern and regulation in mouse uterus and to investigate whether it plays a role in(More)
BACKGROUND The mammalian epidermis is maintained by the ongoing proliferation of a subpopulation of keratinocytes known as epidermal stem cells. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) can regulate morphogenesis of hair follicles and several types of skin cancer, but the effect of Shh on proliferation of human putative epidermal stem cells (HPESCs) is poorly understood. (More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the roles of Dickkopf-1 (Dkk1) in mouse embryo implantation. DESIGN Experimental prospective study. SETTING Animal research and institute laboratory facility. PATIENT(S) Virgin Kunming female mice and adult male mice. INTERVENTION(S) The expression of Dkk1 and its receptor Kremen1 in embryos and uteri was observed by(More)
Migration is an important process during cellular activity and embryo development. We recently showed that Dickkopf-1(Dkk-1), an antagonist of Wnt/ beta-catenin signaling pathway, could promote trophoblast cell invasion during murine placentation. However, mechanism of Dkk-1 action on cell migration was not clear. The objective of this study was to further(More)
Leptin is a 16-kDa multifunctional protein. Recent reports indicate that leptin is an important molecule during implantation and placentation, implicated in embryonic-maternal cross-talk and cytotrophoblast invasiveness, however, the role of leptin playing in the process of normal blastocyst implantation has not been well characterized. In the present(More)
Beta-catenin, the mammalian homolog of Drosophila armadillo protein, was first identified as a cadherin-associated protein at cell-cell junctions. Another function of beta-catenin is the transduction of cytosolic signals to the nucleus in a variety of cellular contexts, which usually are elicited by the active form of beta-catenin. The aim of the present(More)
PROBLEM The objective of this study was to evaluate the possible signal pathway of fibronectin (FN), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and angiostatin (AS) on the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in JEG-3 cells. METHODS OF STUDY JEG-3 cells were cultured and were examined for the effect of FN, VEGF and AS on the expression of MMPs by(More)
BACKGROUND Human epidermis, a continuously renewing tissue, is maintained throughout life by stem cells that proliferate and replenish worn-out or damaged cells in the tissue. Cultured human epidermal stem cells have great potential in clinical application. However, isolating and culturing a pure population of epidermal stem cells has proven to be(More)