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During movement of the ophiuranAmphipholis kochii Lutken, any one of its arms can point forward and, consequently, any arm can perform different functions. The arm, when separated from the ophiuran together with the adjacent part of the nerve ring, is capable of complex motor acts, including locomotion. Division of the nerve ring in the ophiuran disturbs(More)
Unit responses to stimulation of somatic nerves at 5–10/sec were recorded in the paramedian lobe of the cerebellum of unanesthetized cats. The results confirmed the model of afferent and interneuronal connections in the cerebellar cortex suggested previously. Three types of granule cells are distinguished. Fibers of the fast-conducting spino(More)
Motion pictures were taken of the locomotion of two species of ophiurans living in the Sea of Japan:Ophiura sarsi vadicoa Djakonov andAmphipholis kochii Lutken.Ophiura sarsi was found to move with the aid of paddling movements of two pairs of arms: The fifth arm (passive) pointed backward. Ophiurans of this species do not use their ambulacral feet. Three(More)
In the pedal ganglia ofClione limacina the growth of neurites is traced in motoneurons after transection of the wing nerve and in interneurons after transection of the pedal commissure. Neurons were stained intracellularly with Lucifer yellow. In the motoneurons the neurites growing from the transected end of the axon and from the neuron soma spread to all(More)
The role of the tube feet in locomotion of the ophiuranAmphipholis kochii Lütken is examined. During stepping movements the anterior tube feet attach themselves to the supporting surface and at the end of the step they detach themselves from it. The signal for detachment is deviation of the foot into the posterior (relative to the direction of motion)(More)
It was established as a result of a laminar analysis of evoked potentials (EP) in the paramedian lobe of the cerebellum of unanesthetized cats that in response to stimulation of the lateral reticular nucleus (LRN) excitation of granulosa cells develops which is not accompanied by excitation of Purkinje cells. Destruction of the lateral nucleus leads to a(More)
Previous investigations [2, 5, 6, 8] showed that rhythmic modulation of the activity of brain-stem neurons giving rise to the principal descending tracts (vestibulo-, reticulo-, and rubrospinal) takes place during locomotion or reflex scratching in cats. Similar modulation of neurons of descending tracts is observed in immobilized animals during a(More)
It was established during experiments on pedal ganglia generating locomotor rhythm isolated fromClione limacina, a pteropod mollusk, that this rhythm was irregular in 30% of preparations; i.e., the locomotor generator worked in bursts which alternated with periods of regular activity. Locomotor bursts were produced by excitation in command neurons located(More)
The effect of the central analgesic fentanyl on evoked potentials and responses of single Purkinje cells in the cerebellar cortex to stimulation of the sensomotor cortex and of somatic nerves was investigated in unanesthetized cats. Injection of fentanyl in an analgesic dose (10–30 µg/kg, intravenously) had no appreciable effect on evoked potentials and led(More)
Activity of propriospinal neurons in segments C3 and C4 was recorded in immobilized decerebrate cats, whose spinal cord was divided at the lower thoracic level, during locomotor activity of neuronal mechanisms controlling the forelimbs (fictitious locomotion of the forelimbs). Neurons were identified according to antidromic responses to stimulation of the(More)