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We observed by using atomic force microscope (AFM) phospholipid (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) monolayers on mica being annealed and cooled to a selection of temperatures through steps of 2-4 degrees C/min. The annealed phospholipid monolayers started to disappear at 45-50 degrees C and disappeared completely above 60-63 degrees C under AFM(More)
GaN is a pivotal material for acoustic transducers and acoustic spectroscopy in the THz regime, but its THz phonon properties have not been experimentally and comprehensively studied. In this report, we demonstrate how to use double quantum wells as a THz acoustic transducer for measuring generated acoustic phonons and deriving a broadband acoustic spectrum(More)
Non-planar InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well (MQW) structures are grown on a GaN template with truncated hexagonal pyramids (THPs) featuring c-plane and r-plane surfaces. The THP array is formed by the regrowth of the GaN layer on a selective-area Si-implanted GaN template. Transmission electron microscopy shows that the InGaN/GaN epitaxial layers regrown on(More)
GaN-based blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) with micro truncated hexagonal pyramid (THP) array were grown on selective-area Si-implanted GaN (SIG) templates. The GaN epitaxial layer regrown on the SIG templates exhibited selective growth and subsequent lateral growth to form the THP array. The observed selective-area growth was attributed to the different(More)
InGaN/GaN-based solar cells with vertical-conduction feature on silicon substrates were fabricated by wafer bonding technique. The vertical solar cells with a metal reflector sandwiched between the GaN-based epitaxial layers and the Si substrate could increase the effective thickness of the absorption layer. Given that the thermally resistive sapphire(More)
InGaN/sapphire-based photovoltaic (PV) cells with blue-band GaN/InGaN multiple-quantum-well absorption layers grown on patterned sapphire substrates were characterized under high concentrations up to 150-sun AM1.5G testing conditions. When the concentration ratio increased from 1 to 150 suns, the open-circuit voltage of the PV cells increased from 2.28 to(More)
In this article, the characteristics of GaN-based LEDs grown on Ar-implanted GaN templates to form inverted Al0.27Ga0.83N pyramidal shells beneath an active layer were investigated. GaN-based epitaxial layers grown on the selective Ar-implanted regions had lower growth rates compared with those grown on the implantation-free regions. This resulted in(More)
A p-i-n structure with near-UV(n-UV) emitting InGaN/GaN multiple quantum well(MQW) structure stacked on a green unipolar InGaN/GaN MQW was epitaxially grown at the same sapphire substrate. Photon recycling green light-emitting diodes(LEDs) with vertical-conduction feature on silicon substrates were then fabricated by wafer bonding and laser lift-off(More)
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