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Modern computer systems consist of a multitude of abstraction layers (e.g., OS kernels, hypervisors, device drivers, network protocols), each of which defines an interface that hides the implementation details of a particular set of functionality. Client programs built on top of each layer can be understood solely based on the interface, independent of the(More)
Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae with resistance to carbapenem conferred by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) are a type of newly discovered antibioticresistant bacteria. The rapid pandemic spread of NDM-1 bacteria worldwide (spreading to India, Pakistan, Europe, America, and Chinese Taiwan) in less than 2 months characterizes these microbes as a(More)
An analysis of gene expression profiles obtained from cervical cancers was performed to find those genes most aberrantly expressed. Total RNA was prepared from 29 samples of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and 18 control samples, and hybridized to Affymetrix oligonucleotide microarrays with probe sets complementary to over 20,000 transcripts. Unsupervised(More)
Invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells is a leading cause of intrahepatic dissemination and metastasis. Autophagy is considered to be an important mediator in the invasion of cancer cells. However, the precise contribution of autophagy to cancer cell invasion and underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Autophagy was induced in HepG2 and BEL7402(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus (PRRSV), a positive-strand RNA virus that belongs to the Arteriviridae family of Nidovirales, has been identified as the causative agent of PRRS. Nsp1alpha is the amino (N)-terminal protein in a polyprotein encoded by the PRRSV genome and is reported to be crucial for subgenomic mRNA synthesis,(More)
Arsenic exposure has been shown to induce hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) accumulation, however the underlying mechanism remains unknown. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that arsenic exposure triggered the interaction between NADPH oxidase and mitochondria to promote reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which inactivate prolyl(More)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), a virus with high mortality in humans, is a member of the genus Nairovirus in the family Bunyaviridae, and is a causative agent of severe hemorrhagic fever (HF). It is classified as a biosafety level 4 pathogen and a potential bioterrorism agent due to its aerosol infectivity and its ability to cause HF(More)
Highly pathogenic influenza virus strains currently in circulation pose a significant risk of a global pandemic. Following the reported crystal structure of the endonuclease domain from the avian influenza virus polymerase PA subunit, here we report the results of a systematic X-ray crystallographic analysis of its complex with adenosine, uridine, and(More)
BACKGROUND Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been widely applied for cancer care in China. There have been a large number of controlled clinical studies published in Chinese literature, yet no systematic searching and analysis has been done. This study summarizes the current evidence of controlled clinical studies of TCM for cancer. METHODS We(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated histopathology and clinical outcome of autonomic nerve trauma and vessels removal within the cardinal ligament (CL) during nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (NSRH) compared with radical hysterectomy (RH). METHODS 25 women with FIGO stage Ib1-IIa cervical cancer underwent RH (n=13) or NSRH (n=12). Removed CLs lengths were(More)