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A subset of central glutamatergic synapses are coordinately pruned and matured by unresolved mechanisms during postnatal development. We report that the human epilepsy gene LGI1, encoding leucine-rich, glioma-inactivated protein-1 and mutated in autosomal dominant lateral temporal lobe epilepsy (ADLTE), mediates this process in hippocampus. We created(More)
Repeated induction of pre- and postsynaptic action potentials (APs) at a fixed time difference leads to long-term potentiation (LTP) or long-term depression (LTD) of the synapse, depending on the temporal order of pre- and postsynaptic activity. This phenomenon of spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP) is believed to arise by nonlinear processes that lead(More)
Cytotrophoblasts, specialized placental cells, proliferate early in pregnancy and then differentiate into tumor-like cells that establish blood flow to the placenta by invading the uterus and its vasculature. In this study, cytotrophoblasts cultured under hypoxic conditions (2 percent oxygen), mimicking the environment near the uterine surface before 10(More)
Lipid metabolism plays an important role in normal pregnancy adaptation and in pathological pregnancy (e.g. preeclampsia). In the current studies we examined the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) in tissues and cells relevant to human pregnancy. We found that PPARgamma is expressed in placental cytotrophoblasts in(More)
Evolutionarily old and conserved homeostatic systems in the brain, including the hypothalamus, are organized into nuclear structures of heterogeneous and diverse neuron populations. To investigate whether such circuits can be functionally reconstituted by synaptic integration of similarly diverse populations of neurons, we generated physically chimeric(More)
People with autism spectrum disorder are characterized by impaired social interaction, reduced communication, and increased repetitive behaviors. The disorder has a substantial genetic component, and recent studies have revealed frequent genome copy number variations (CNVs) in some individuals. A common CNV that occurs in 1 to 3% of those with(More)
The human placenta expresses HLA-G, a nonclassical (class Ib) MHC molecule that could play a central role in maternal tolerance of the semiallogeneic fetus. In this work, we report the production of a new mAb, 4H84, that specifically reacts with HLA-G in two formats: immunocytochemistry and immunoblotting. Immunolocalization experiments with 4H84 confirmed(More)
Retinogeniculate connections undergo postnatal refinement in the developing visual system. Here we report that non-ion channel epilepsy gene LGI1 (leucine-rich glioma-inactivated), mutated in human autosomal dominant lateral temporal lobe epilepsy (ADLTE), regulates postnatal pruning of retinal axons in visual relay thalamus. By introducing an(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of functional glycine receptors (GlyRs) in hippocampus. In this work, we examine the baseline activity and activity-dependent modulation of GlyRs in region CA1. We find that strychnine-sensitive GlyRs are open in the resting CA1 pyramidal cell, creating a state of tonic inhibition that "shunts" the magnitude(More)
The present study is aimed to investigated the firing activity of pyramidal neurons and interneurons in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in rats with bilateral intraventricular injection of 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT) by using in vivo extracellular recording. The results showed that the injection of 5,7-DHT reduced the 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)(More)
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