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Genetic association is a challenging task for the identification and characterization of genes that increase the susceptibility to common complex multifactorial diseases. To fully execute genetic studies of complex diseases, modern geneticists face the challenge of detecting interactions between loci. A genetic algorithm (GA) is developed to detect the(More)
ORAI1 channels play an important role for breast cancer progression and metastasis. Previous studies indicated the strong correlation between breast cancer and individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of ORAI1 gene. However, the possible SNP-SNP interaction of ORAI1 gene was not investigated. To develop the complex analyses of SNP-SNP interaction,(More)
Most non-significant individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were undiscovered in hypertension association studies. Their possible SNP–SNP interactions were usually ignored and leaded to missing heritability. In present study, we proposed a particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm to analyze the SNP–SNP interaction associated with hypertension.(More)
In association studies, the combined effects of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-SNP interactions and the problem of imbalanced data between cases and controls are frequently ignored. In the present study, we used an improved multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) approach namely MDR-ER to detect the high order SNP‑SNP interaction in an imbalanced(More)
BACKGROUND Possible single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) interactions in breast cancer are usually not investigated in genome-wide association studies. Previously, we proposed a particle swarm optimization (PSO) method to compute these kinds of SNP interactions. However, this PSO does not guarantee to find the best result in every implement, especially when(More)
Cancers often involve the synergistic effects of gene-gene interactions, but identifying these interactions remains challenging. Here, we present an odds ratio-based genetic algorithm (OR-GA) that is able to solve the problems associated with the simultaneous analysis of multiple independent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that are associated with(More)
Chronic dialysis association study involving individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the mitochondrial displacement loop (D-loop) has previously been reported. However, possible SNP-SNP interactions for SNPs in the D-loop which could be associated with a reduced risk for chronic dialysis were not investigated. The purpose of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Facial emotion perception (FEP) can affect social function. We previously reported that parts of five tested single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the MET and AKT1 genes may individually affect FEP performance. However, the effects of SNP-SNP interactions on FEP performance remain unclear. METHODS This study compared patients with high and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) interaction analysis can simultaneously evaluate the complex SNP interactions present in complex diseases. However, it is less commonly applied to evaluate the predisposition of chronic dialysis and its computational analysis remains challenging. In this study, we aimed to improve the analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Determining the complex relationship between diseases, polymorphisms in human genes and environmental factors is challenging. Multifactor dimensionality reduction (MDR) has proven capable of effectively detecting statistical patterns of epistasis. However, MDR has its weakness in accurately assigning multi-locus genotypes to either high-risk and(More)