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Evidence from neuroimaging and neurobiological studies suggests that abnormalities in cortical-cortical connectivity involving both local and long-distance scales may be related to autism. The present study analyzed the microstructural integrity of the long-range connectivity related to social cognition and language processing with diffusion tractography(More)
The frontostriatal circuit has been postulated to account for the core symptoms such as inattention in attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study investigated the white matter integrity of frontostriatal fiber tracts using diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI) tractography and its correlations with measures of multi-dimensional aspects of(More)
Deficits in language and communication are among the core symptoms of autism, a common neurodevelopmental disorder with long-term impairment. Despite the striking nature of the autistic language impairment, knowledge about its corresponding alterations in the brain is still evolving. We hypothesized that the dual stream language network is altered in(More)
Previous post-mortem and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in patients with alcohol dependence have demonstrated abnormalities of brain white matter. The present study investigated the microstructural integrity in the corpus callosum and the associations of this integrity with neurobehavioral assessments. Twenty-five male cases fulfilling(More)
Previous studies have reported white matter abnormalities in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study aimed to further explore white matter abnormalities in OCD patients through diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI) and tractography of the two white matter tracts which most probably play an important role in OCD neuropathology: the anterior(More)
BACKGROUND The computer-aided identification of specific gait patterns is an important issue in the assessment of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, a computer vision-based gait analysis approach is developed to assist the clinical assessments of PD with kernel-based principal component analysis (KPCA). METHOD Twelve PD patients and twelve healthy(More)
Central thalamic deep brain stimulation (CT-DBS) has been proposed as an experimental therapeutic approach to produce consistent sustained regulation of forebrain arousal for several neurological diseases. We investigated local field potentials (LFPs) induced by CT-DBS from the thalamic central lateral nuclei (CL) and the striatum as potential biomarkers(More)
The purpose of this study was to improve the accuracy of tissue segmentation on brain magnetic resonance (MR) images preprocessed by multiscale retinex (MSR), segmented with a combined boosted decision tree (BDT) and MSR algorithm (hereinafter referred to as the MSRBDT algorithm). Simulated brain MR (SBMR) T1-weighted images of different noise levels and RF(More)
The present study reported the development of a novel functional photoacoustic microscopy (fPAM) system for investigating hemodynamic changes in rat cortical vessels associated with electrical forepaw stimulation. Imaging of blood optical absorption by fPAM at multiple appropriately-selected and distinct wavelengths can be used to probe changes in total(More)