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Silibinin is a natural flavonoid antioxidant with anti-hepatotoxic properties and pleiotropic anticancer capabilities. We tested the hypothesis that silibinin inhibits cellular invasiveness by down-regulating the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK)-dependent c-Jun/activator protein-1 (AP-1) induction, which(More)
One-year series of hourly average ozone observations, which were obtained from urban and national park air monitoring stations at Taipei (Taiwan), were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and fractal methods to examine the scaling structures of ozone concentrations. It was found that all ozone measurements exhibited the characteristic right-skewed(More)
Uremic toxins are mainly represented by blood urine nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Crea) whose removal is critically important in hemodialysis (HD) for kidney disease. Patients undergoing HD have a complex illness, resulting from: inadequate removal of organic waste, dialysis-induced oxidative stress and membrane-induced inflammation. Here we report(More)
CRM197-grafted liposomes containing cardiolipin (CL) (CRM197/CL-liposomes) were used to enhance the permeability of neuron growth factor (NGF) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) for promoting the neuroprotective effect of NGF. CRM197/CL-liposoms were incubated with a monolayer of human astrocyte (HA)-regulated human brain-microvascular endothelial cells(More)
Photoresponsive catanionic vesicles have been developed as a novel gene delivery vector combining enhanced cellular uptake with phototriggered release of vesicle payload following entry into cells. Vesicles with diameters ranging from 50 to 200 nm [measured using cryo-transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and light-scattering techniques] form(More)
The properties of confined liquid water, or liquid water in contact with hydrophobic surfaces, are significantly different from those of bulk liquid water. However, all of water's commonly described properties are related to inert "bulk liquid water" which comprises a tetrahedral hydrogen-bonded network. In this work, we report an innovative and facile(More)
Developing methods to label viruses with fluorescent moieties has its merits in elucidating viral infection mechanisms and exploring novel antiviral therapeutics. Fluorescent quantum dots (QDs), an emerging probe for biological imaging and medical diagnostics, were employed in this study to tag retrovirus encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)(More)
In this study, we examine the effect of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5 (CCL5)/Regulated on Activation Normal T cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES), a pro-inflammatory cytokine on osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). We found CCL5 expression was increased during osteogenic differentiation of hMSCs and CCL5 expression is(More)
Reverse microemulsion was used as a template to fabricate chitosan-alginate core-shell nanoparticles encapsulated with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP)-encoded plasmids. The average size of DNA-entrapped nanoparticles measured by dynamic light scattering was increased proportionally, with the N/P ratios ranging from 5 to 20. These alginate-coated(More)