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Falling is an important problem in the health maintenance of people above middle age. Portable accelerometer systems have been designed to detect falls. However, false alarms induced by some dynamic motions, such as walking and jumping, are difficult to avoid. Acceleration cross-product (AC)-related methods are proposed and examined by this study to seek(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o In the fast changing financial circumstances of nowadays, in avoiding the crisis of closing down, financial institutions are concerned about the efficiency and risk strictly in the meantime. Therefore, efficiency and risk management are goals for a financial institution administrator. Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is a non-parameter(More)
As process technologies advance to the subwavelength era, the 1-D design style is regarded as one of the most effective ways to continue scaling down the minimum feature size. To improve the printability of 1-D cell design, it is essential to insert dummy patterns and optimize line-end gap distribution for each layer. This paper presents novel 1-D cell(More)
Utilizing multi-bit flip-flops (MBFFs) is one of the most effective power optimization techniques in modern nanometer integrated circuit (IC) design. Most of the previous work apply MBFFs without doing placement refinement of combinational logic cells. Such problem formulation may result in less power reduction due to tight timing constraints with fixed(More)
Utilizing multibit flip-flops (MBFFs) is one of the most effective power optimization techniques in modern nanometer integrated circuit design. Most of the previous works apply MBFFs without doing placement refinement of combinational logic cells. Such problem formulation may result in less power reduction due to tight timing constraints with fixed(More)
In this study, we adopt a three-stage approach, DEA method, Frontier regressions, and DEA method to estimate bank efficiency based on information obtained from 29 banks in Taiwan for the period from 2002 to 2004. In the first stage, we employ super SBM (super Slacks-Based Measure) to estimate the scores relating bank efficiency including internal risk. In(More)
As the process technology advances to the sub-wavelength era, the 1-dimensional (1-D) design style is regarded as one of the most effective ways to continue scaling down the minimum feature size. This paper presents the lithography-aware cell generation algorithms which simultaneously minimize 1-D cell area and enhance the printability. Experimental results(More)
FeCo/NiO half-shell arrays were fabricated based on the periodic monolayer polystyrene spheres. The two-dimensional magnetic periodic arrays form well-defined photonic crystals with pronounced stop bands. Quite interestingly, it is found that the stop bands can be tuned by an external magnetic field. The underlying mechanism is attributed to the(More)
We demonstrate magnetically tunable surface plasmon resonance based on a composite consisting of noble metal nanoparticles and ferromagnetic thin film. We found that both the frequency and linewidth of the localized surface plasmon resonance can be manipulated by applying an external magnetic field. The underlying mechanism is attributed to the variation of(More)
This paper presents generalization and reduction of the line-series-shunt (LST) calibration technique, including generic parasitic treatments on the series/shunt standards and number reduction of calibration standards, for broadband GaAs and CMOS on-wafer scattering parameter (<i>S</i>-parameter) measurements. The series/shunt standards are modified with(More)