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Subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are at a high risk of developing clinical Alzheimer's disease (AD). We asked to what extent the core biomarker candidates cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) beta-amyloid(1-42) (Abeta(1-42)) and CSF tau protein concentrations predict conversion from MCI to AD. We studied 52 patients with MCI, 93 AD patients, and 10(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway mediates neuronal plasticity in the CNS. The mood stabilizers lithium and valproate activate the ERK pathway in prefrontal cortex and hippocampus and potentiate ERK pathway-mediated neurite growth, neuronal survival and hippocampal neurogenesis. Here, we examined the role of the ERK pathway in(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by midlife onset, progressive course and a combination of motor, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. Since dysregulation of the glutamate/calcium signalling pathway is beginning to emerge as a potential cause of neuron degeneration, antagonists of glutamate pathways(More)
OBJECTIVES Schizophrenia is a highly heritable disorder, but many aspects of its etiology and pathophysiology remain poorly understood. Recently, a SNP rs12807809 located upstream of the neurogranin (NRGN) gene achieved genome-wide significance in this disorder. METHODS In order to find the causal variants of NRGN gene in schizophrenia, we searched for(More)
BACKGROUND Growing evidence suggests that dysregulation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-mediated glutamate neurotransmission may be involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The NMDAR is a heteromeric protein complex consisting of subunits from three subfamilies (NR1, NR2A, 2B, 2C, 2D and NR3A, 3B). The unique ability of NR3A to modulate(More)
OBJECTIVES Synaptophysin (SYP) has been shown to be critical for regulating neurotransmitter release and synaptic plasticity, a process thought to be disrupted in schizophrenia. In addition, abnormal SYP expression in different brain regions has been linked to this disorder in postmortem brain studies. We investigated the involvement of the SYP gene in the(More)
Stevens-Johnson syndrome is a severe and potentially life-threatening cutaneous reaction associated with lamotrigine. The incidence of developing Stevens-Johnson syndrome during lamotrigine therapy is low. On the basis of the glutamate and dopamine neuron dysregulation hypothesis in schizophrenia, we propose new strategies for the treatment of schizophrenic(More)
OBJECTIVES Aripiprazole, a novel antipsychotic agent, acts as a partial agonist at dopamine D2 receptors (DRD2). We investigate whether its efficacy is predictable by DRD2/ANKK1 gene polymorphisms and clinical factors in Han Chinese hospitalized patients with acutely exacerbated schizophrenia. METHOD After hospitalization, the patients (n=128) were given(More)
The sites of action of inhalant drugs are not completely known but recent studies suggest that ion channels that regulate neuronal excitability may be particularly sensitive. Lamotrigine, a newer anticonvulsant, has a modulating effect on excitatory amino acid-glutamate. We describe the use of lamotrigine in the treatment of a patient with inhalant(More)