Yu-Chiao Yang

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INTRODUCTION Rabdosia rubescens is a commonly used herb in traditional Chinese medicine and contains diterpenoids, triterpenoids and various other compounds. Among these components, oridonin, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid have gained considerable interest concerning anti-cancer activities. However, there is no suitable currently available method for the(More)
The effects of substances extracted from Toona sinensis leaves, using 50% alcohol/water, on cellular [3H]-2-deoxyglucose uptake in differentiated cultured 3T3-L1 adipocytes were investigated. Following treatment of cells with 0.001, 0.01, or 0.1 mg/mL extracts for 60 minutes, [3H]-2-deoxyglucose uptake increased from a basal value of 0.23 nmol/min/mg(More)
The effect of substances extracted from Toona sinensis leaves with 50% alcohol solution on lipolysis was investigated in cultured 3T3-L1 differentiated adipocytes. The amount of glycerol released from cells into culture medium was used to measure lipolysis activity. Glycerol release was increased by Toona sinensis leaf extract in a dose-dependent and(More)
In our previous studies, we demonstrated that 2,6-bis-(2-chloroacetamido) anthraquinone (B1) showed a highly significant cytotoxic effect. However, its influence in the cell cycle and apoptotic induction effects has not been investigated yet. Here we report the antiproliferative effect of B1, for which IC50 values were 0.57 μmol/l for lung cancer A549(More)
A hyphenated procedure of heat-reflux and ultrasound-assisted extraction (HUAE), and an accurate high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method were developed for the determination of apigenin, baicalin and luteolin content in Scutellaria barbara D. Don. The suitable HUAE conditions for the extraction of target compounds from the herb were identified(More)
Clove buds are used as a spice and food flavoring. In this study, clove oil and α-humulene was extracted from cloves using supercritical carbon dioxide extraction with and without ultrasound assistance (USC-CO2 and SC-CO2, respectively) at different temperatures (32-50°C) and pressures (9.0-25.0MPa). The results of these extractions were compared with those(More)
In the present study, the oleanolic acid (OA) and ursolic acid (UA) contents ofHedyotis diffusa and H. corymbosa were determined by a rapid, selective and accurate method combining modified ultrasound-assisted extraction (MUAE) and HPLC. Compared with traditional extraction methods, MUAE reduced the extraction time, the extraction temperature and the(More)
BACKGROUND The antinociceptive effect of an aqueous extract from the leaves of Toona sinensis (TS, [A. Juss., M. Roem.]) was studied using the writhing test in mice. METHODS Different extraction fractions from TS leaf extracts (TSL1 to TSL5) were administered orally 1 h before intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid. RESULTS After treatment with TSL1,(More)
This study evaluated ultrasound-assisted supercritical carbon dioxide (USC-CO2) extraction for determining the extraction yields of oils and the contents of eugenol, β-caryophyllene, eugenyl acetate and α-humulene from clove buds. Compared to traditional SC-CO2 extraction, USC-CO2 extraction might provide a 13.5% increase in the extraction yield for the oil(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study has been to evaluate the occupational heat exposure of 12 workers at 5 plants in a subtropical country. MATERIAL AND METHODS The heat stresses and strain on workers in 5 plants were assessed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 7243 index (wet bulb globe temperature - WBGT) and the ISO 7933(More)