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A cDNA clone encoding a novel hematopoietic growth factor activity produced by a gibbon T cell line has been identified using a mammalian cell expression cloning system. The sequence of this cDNA proved to have significant homology to the sequence encoding murine interleukin 3 (IL-3). The human gene, which was readily identified because of its high degree(More)
Androgen ablation therapy causes a temporary reduction in tumor burden in patients with advanced prostate cancer. Unfortunately the malignancy will return to form lethal castration-recurrent prostate cancer (CRPC). The androgen receptor (AR) remains transcriptionally active in CRPC in spite of castrate levels of androgens in the blood. AR transcriptional(More)
Buprenorphine is a mixed opioid receptor agonist-antagonist used clinically for maintenance therapy in opiate addicts and pain management. Dose-response curves for buprenorphine-induced antinociception display ceiling effects or are bell shaped, which have been attributed to the partial agonist activity of buprenorphine at opioid receptors. Recently,(More)
Opioid-receptor activation in cell lines results in phosphorylation of p42/44 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), which contributes to agonist-induced desensitization of adenylate cyclase signaling. In this study, morphine-induced MAPK modulation was examined in the mouse brain using antibodies against phosphorylated MAPK. Thirty minutes after systemic(More)
Hormone therapies for advanced prostate cancer target the androgen receptor (AR) ligand-binding domain (LBD), but these ultimately fail and the disease progresses to lethal castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). The mechanisms that drive CRPC are incompletely understood, but may involve constitutively active AR splice variants that lack the LBD. The(More)
The ubiquitin-dependent proteasome-mediated (Ub-Pr) degradation pathway has been shown to regulate a large variety of substrates, including nuclear, cytosolic, and membrane proteins. In mammalian systems, polyubiquitin modification has been identified in a number of cell surface receptors for more than a decade; however, its biological significance has(More)
We have mapped a transcriptional regulatory sequence within the 1.0 kb noncoding region of the bovine papilloma virus (BPV-1) genome, using an enhancer dependent expression vector for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase. This transcriptional regulatory element works independently of position and orientation, and its function is significantly augmented in(More)
A 4-kilobase complementary DNA (cDNA) encoding human macrophage-specific colony-stimulating factor (CSF-1) was isolated. When introduced into mammalian cells, this cDNA directs the expression of CSF-1 that is structurally and functionally indistinguishable from the natural human urinary CSF-1. Direct structural analysis of both the recombinant CSF-1 and the(More)
Bovine papillomavirus (BPV-1) contains two independent transforming genes that have been mapped to the E5 and E6 open reading frames (ORF's). The E5 transforming protein was identified by means of an antiserum against a synthetic peptide corresponding to the 20 COOH-terminal amino acids of the E5 ORF. The E5 polypeptide is the smallest viral transforming(More)
Because human P40 T-cell growth factor, tentatively designated interleukin-9 (IL-9), was isolated through its ability to stimulate a human IL-3-dependent leukemic cell line (M-O7E), we tested the ability of IL-9 to support the growth and differentiation of normal hematopoietic progenitor cells from peripheral blood and bone marrow. Although the M-O7E cell(More)