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The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
The aim of this study was to assess landmark identification on digital images in comparison with those obtained from original radiographs. Ten cephalometric radiographs were selected randomly. Seven orthodontic residents identified 19 cephalometric landmarks on both the original radiographs and the digital images. To assess the concordance between landmarks(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the outcome at 2-year corrected age of infants who participated in a double-blind controlled trial of early (<12 hours) dexamethasone therapy for the prevention of chronic lung disease (CLD). METHODS AND MATERIALS A total of 133 children (70 in the control group, 63 in the dexamethasone-treated group) who survived the initial study(More)
In mammals, the vomeronasal organ (VNO) contains chemosensory receptor cells that bind to pheromones and induce a variety of social and reproductive behaviors. It has been traditionally assumed that the human VNO (Jacobson's organ) is a vestigial structure, although recent studies have shown minor evidence for a structurally intact and possibly functional(More)
BACKGROUND The prospective, randomized study comparing 4- with 8-mm tip electrodes for radiofrequency linear ablation of typical atrial flutter is not available. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 104 consecutive patients with typical atrial flutter were randomly assigned to undergo radiofrequency linear ablation using a 4- (Group I, n=54) or 8-mm tip(More)
The 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) enzymes convert corticosterone and cortisol to 11-dehydrocorticosterone and cortisone, and are thought to convey extrinsic specificity to the mineralocorticoid receptor by limiting access of the relatively more abundant glucocorticoids to it. Two different 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11(More)
Using a randomized parallel group study design, we compared the cognit ive effects of carbamazepine (CBZ), phenobarbital (PB), and valproate (VPA) in children with epilepsy. Seventy-three children with newly diagnosed epilepsy were tested with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), Bender-Gestalt test, and auditory event-related(More)
An outbreak of enterovirus 71 (EV71) infection occurred in Taiwan in 1998. The clinical spectrums and laboratory findings for 97 patients with virus culture-proven EV71 infections were analyzed. Eighty-seven percent of the patients were younger than age 5 years. Hand-foot-and-mouth syndrome occurred in 79% of the children and central nervous system (CNS)(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary veins (PVs) are important sources of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Long-term rapid atrial pacing (RAP) changes atrial electrophysiology and facilitates the maintenance of atrial fibrillation. It is not clear whether RAP alters the arrhythmogenic activity of PVs. The purpose of this study was to isolate single PV cardiomyocytes from(More)
Clinical features of cerebrovascular occlusive disease with the moyamoya network (group 1: twenty-nine children) and those without this network (group 2: nine children) are reported herein. Group 1 was characterized by female preponderance, recurrent and transient ischemic attacks, progression of mental deterioration, rebuild-up after hyperventilation on(More)