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The association between metabolic polymorphisms and cigarette smoking-induced cancers has been documented. However, the role of DNA repair polymorphism in carcinogenesis is less clear. To investigate if the polymorphisms of metabolic traits and DNA repair modulate smoking-related DNA damage, we used sister chromatid exchange (SCE) as a marker of genetic(More)
The health impact of dust events from China has become a concern within China and in its neighboring countries. Previous epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between particulate matter exposure and cardiopulmonary mortality. Here, we use pulmonary hypertensive rat models to examine inflammation markers in the lung and in peripheral blood(More)
The association between ambient particulate matter (PM) and cardiovascular diseases has been demonstrated in epidemiological studies. Recent studies suggest that diabetic patients are at greater risk for PM-associated cardiovascular events. Although diabetes and PM exposure individually have been reported to be associated with increased oxidative stress,(More)
Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) DNA adduct has been used as a biomarker in epidemiological studies. However, the determinants for urinary 8-OHdG have not been clearly identified. We tested urinary 8-OHdG levels in 205 male workers who had been exposed to vinyl chloride monomer (VCM). Epidemiological information was obtained by an(More)
Pulmonary epithelial lining fluid (ELF) is the first substance to make contact with inhaled particulate matter (PM) and interacts chemically with PM components. The objective of this study was to determine the role of ELF in oxidative stress, DNA damage and the production of proinflammatory cytokines following physicochemical exposure to PM. Ultrafine(More)
Epidemiological studies have associated particulate air pollution with exacerbation of lung function in human populations. However, the relationship between ambient particles and lung function in animal studies has been inconsistent. In order to investigate the effects of concentrated ambient particles (CAPs) on airway responsiveness, we exposed pulmonary(More)
The association between vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) exposure and DNA damage has been established. However, the relationship between individual exposure and DNA single strand breaks was limited. Since environmental monitoring may not reflect the actual exposure, a useful marker of exposure is needed to assess the individual exposure. In our previous study,(More)
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