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Psychophysical and speech perception studies were conducted on eight patients using the 22-electrode cochlear implant manufactured by Cochlear Pty. Ltd. Four early-deafened patients became deafened at 1-3 years of age and were implanted at 5-14 years of age. Four late-deafened (postlingual adult) patients became deafened at 38-47 years of age and were(More)
Animal experimental studies have shown length constants of 2-4 mm for bipolar and 8-16 mm for monopolar stimulations. Studies in models using saline-solution-filled tubes have allowed us to examine the radial and longitudinal current distribution for pseudobipolar stimulation and have demonstrated that current localization is the same for bipolar and(More)
A set of bandpass filtered, pulsed noise stimuli presented to three normally hearing subjects was found to have psychophysical properties similar to those of a set of pulsed electrical stimuli presented to two cochlear implant patients. Identical procedures were used to compare the performances of the two groups of subjects in the following tasks: (a) pulse(More)
In a single interval task, multichannel cochlear implant patients were asked to identify the members of a set of seven electric stimuli differing in electric pulse rate or electrode position. The perceptual sensitivity index (d') between successive stimuli in a stimulus set was calculated from the confusions among the seven stimuli. The results showed that(More)
Psychophysical studies were conducted on 10 cochlear implant patients, between 5 and 23 years of age at the time of surgery, who were deafened prior to 4 years of age. The multiple-electrode prosthesis manufactured by Cochlear Ltd. was used. Identification studies, the recognition of 2-4 stimuli after some training, were conducted on 3 of the 10 patients.(More)
Further improvements in speech perception for cochlear implant patients in quiet and in noise should be possible with speech processing strategies using binaural implants. For this reason, presented here is a series of initial psychophysical and speech perception studies on the authors' first binaural cochlear implant patient. For an approximate matching of(More)
The perception of temporal modulations of pulsatile electric stimuli was measured in seven cochlear implant patients using the Cochlear Pty. Limited prosthesis. Four patients were postlingually deafened adults and three patients were young adults who were deafened very early in life. The first study measured detection thresholds for modulated pulse duration(More)
The width, height, and cross-sectional area of the scala tympani in both the human and cat were measured to provide dimensional information relevant to the design of scala tympani electrode arrays. Both the height and width of the human scala tympani decreased rapidly within the first 1.5 mm from the round window. Thereafter, they exhibit a gradual(More)
Psychophysical studies were conducted on three prelingual and two postlingual cochlear implant patients. Auditory sensations were produced by electrical stimulation of the residual nerve fibers of the auditory nerve by means of a multiple-electrode cochlear implant. The psychophysical performance of the prelinguals was, in general, poorer than that of the(More)