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Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R), is a cardioprotective peptide. In our previous work, we have revealed that ghrelin could protect heart against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury by inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), which contributes to many heart diseases. In current study, using both in vivo and(More)
Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is a new bioactive heptapeptide in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) with potent protective effects in cardiovascular diseases, opposing many actions of angiotensin II (Ang II) mediated by Ang II type 1 (AT1) receptor. It is produced mainly by the activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and acts through(More)
BACKGROUND Musclin is a newly identified skeletal muscle-derived secretory factor, which has been recently characterized as a stimulator that induces insulin resistance in mice. However, the pathophysiological role of musclin in humans remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to explore the potential correlations between musclin plasma levels(More)
BACKGROUND Cortistatin is a recently discovered neuropeptide that has emerged as a potential endogenous antiinflammatory peptide. As a clinical syndrome, sepsis occurs when an infection becomes amplified, leading to organ dysfunction or risk for secondary infection. Human septic shock involves excessive inflammatory cytokine production. Interleukin (IL) 1β(More)
BACKGROUND Musclin is a novel skeletal muscle-derived secretory factor considered to be a potent regulator of the glucose metabolism and therefore may contribute to the pathogenesis of obesity and insulin resistance (IR). METHODS To test this hypothesis, we examined the plasma musclin levels in overweight/obese subjects and lean controls. Rats on a high(More)
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