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Single cells and cell culture are very good model for estimation of primary effects of gravitational changes. It is suggested that cell cytoskeleton plays a key role in mechanisms of adaptation to mechanical influences including gravitational ones. Our results demonstrated that cultured cells of human vascular endothelium (correction of endotheliun) are(More)
Characteristics of miniband tunneling and Wannier-Stark levels in semiconductor superlattices are studied as regards their dependence on the symmetry of the unit cells and the type of miniband structure. We modify the k ⋅ p method into a k ⋅ v form and on this basis generalize the Zener formula for the inter-band tunneling in homogeneous semiconductors to(More)
Cell-to-cell interactions play an important role in all physiological processes and are mediated by humoral and mechanical factors. Mechanosensitive cells (e.g., osteocytes, chondrocytes, and fibroblasts) can be studied ex vivo to understand the effects of an altered gravity environment. In particular, cultured endothelial cells (EC) are very sensitive to a(More)
Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (EC) were grown on elastic silicone membranes subjected to cyclic stretch, simulating arterial wall motion. Stretching conditions (20% amplitude, 52 cycle/min) stimulated stress fiber formation and their orientation transversely to the strain direction. Cell bodies aligned along the same axis after the actin(More)
Using histochemical staining and FACS-analysis we have studied the basal and TNF-alpha induced expression of E-selectin, ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (ECs) exposed to simulated hypogravity. Control ECs did not contain detectable amounts of E-selectin or VCAM-1 but were ICAM-1 positive. As soon as after 6-8 hrs of clinorotation(More)
It is well known that endothelial cells (EC) are highly sensitive to mechanical influences such as hemodynamic conditions or pulsatile stretch. However, it is still unknown, how endothelium responds to the changed gravity. The results of some studies suggest that cellular elements of vascular wall and, particularly, endothelium, may directly participate in(More)
The role that the intracellular mediators, cAMP and Ca2+/phosphatidylserine-dependent protein kinase C, play in the regulation of endothelial cell (EC) motility was investigated. The adenylate cyclase activator, forskolin, at 10 microM induced rapid and reversible alterations in the shape of cultured human EC, disappearance of actin bundles and the(More)
Subendothelial cells (SEC) were obtained from the inner intimal layer of adult human aorta by collagenase treatment. SEC were identified in primary culture either as smooth muscle cells by staining with FITC-labeled antisera against human smooth muscle myosin or as macrophages, foam cells and contaminating endothelial cells by their uptake of(More)
The distribution of a soluble form of a cell adhesion molecule, P-selectin, in human platelets and cultivated endothelial cells has been studied by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The concentration of soluble P-selectin in the blood plasma of healthy donors and patients with abnormal platelet count has also been determined. P-selectin was(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are specific cells capable of long-term proliferation and differentiation into various stromal tissue cell types. The state of MSCs depends on the cellular microenvironment and several soluble factors. We proposed that gravity could, in addition, influence MSCs features. To prove this hypothesis, we studied the effects of(More)