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In response to a prolonged membrane depolarization, inactivation autoregulates the activity of voltage-gated ion channels. Slow inactivation involving a localized constriction of the selectivity filter (P/C-type mechanism) is prevalent in many voltage-gated K(+) channels of the Kv1 subfamily. However, the generalization of this mechanism to other Kv channel(More)
The cyclic lipodepsipeptide, syringomycin E, when incorporated into planar lipid bilayer membranes, forms two types of channels (small and large) that are different in conductance by a factor of sixfold. To discriminate between a cluster organization-type channel structure and other possible different structures for the two channel types, their ionic(More)
A cyclic lipodepsipeptide, syringomycin E (SME), incorporated into planar lipid membranes forms two types of channels ("small" and "large") different in their conductance by approximately a factor of six (Biophys. J. 74:2918-2925 (1998)). We analysed the dynamics of the SME-induced transmembrane current under voltage-clamp conditions to clarify the(More)
The effects of temperature on the formation and inactivation of syringomycin E (SRE) pores were investigated with human red blood cells (RBCs) and lipid bilayer membranes (BLMs). SRE enhanced the RBC membrane permeability of 86Rb and monomeric hemoglobin in a temperature dependent manner. The kinetics of 86Rb and hemoglobin effluxes were measured at(More)
Using the planar lipid bilayer technique, organization of ionic channels formed by the lipodepsipeptide antibiotic syringomycin E applied to one (cis) side of a lipid bilayer was studied. Low concentrations of NaCl (0.01-0.1 M) induced the opening and closing of two types of channels - "small" and "large". The large channels had single channel conductances(More)
The effect of lipopeptide antifungal agent, syringomycin E (SRE) on the membrane permeability of human red blood cells (RBCs) was studied. SRE added to RBCs above a concentration of 2x106 molecules/cell (50 microgram/ml RBCs) caused a rapid and concentration dependent lysis of a small subpopulation of RBCs; the extent of this lysis remained unchanged as(More)
Antifungal lipodepsipeptide syringomycin E (SRE) forms two major conductive states in lipid bilayers: "small" and "large". Large SRE channels are cluster of several small ones, demonstrating synchronous opening and closure. To get insight into the mechanism of such synchronization we investigated how transmembrane potential, membrane surface charge, and(More)
The pore-forming activities of cyclic lipodepsipeptides (CLPs), syringopeptin 22A (SP22A) and syringomycin E (SRE) were compared on the human red blood cell (RBC) membrane and on bilayer lipid membranes (BLMs). SP22A above a concentration of 4 x 10(5) molecules/cell significantly increased the RBC membrane permeability for 86Rb. With electric current(More)
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