Yrjö T. Konttinen

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Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis are dependent on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. However, the lack of inhibitors specific for the type IV collagenase/gelatinase family of MMPs has thus far prevented the selective targeting of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) for therapeutic intervention(More)
Neutrophil collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-8 or MMP-8) is regarded as being synthesized exclusively by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). However, in vivo MMP-8 expression was observed in mononuclear fibroblast-like cells in the rheumatoid synovial membrane. In addition, we detected MMP-8 mRNA expression in cultured rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the extracellular degrading proteolytic cascade proteins referred to as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1), MMP-2, MMP-9, membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MT1-MMP), tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), TIMP-2, neutrophil elastase, and alpha1-antitrypsin in human pulmonary emphysema.(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) form a family of enzymes that mediate multiple functions both in the tissue destruction and immune responses related to periodontal inflammation. The expression and activity of MMPs in non-inflamed periodontium is low but is drastically enhanced to pathologically elevated levels due to the dental plaque and infection-induced(More)
IFN-γ rapidly primes the macrophage via JAK1/2-STAT1 pathway so that it can subsequently undergo a slower classical type 1 activation upon exposure to T helper (Th)1 cytokines such as IFNγ or other activators, including tumor necrosis factor and lipopolysaccharide, e.g. in intracellular killing of phagocytosed Mycobacterium tuberculosis. If instead it is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Two-stage revision remains the gold standard in the treatment of infected knee arthroplasty. Lately, good long-term results of direct exchange arthroplasty have been reported. The purpose of this literature review is to compare the clinical outcome achieved with one-stage revision and two-stage revision with different types of(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the pattern of mRNA expression of all human matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) described to date in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and traumatic synovial membrane, in order to differentiate between a physiological tissue remodelling pattern and that associated with inflammatory tissue destruction. METHODS Analysis of SwissProt protein and(More)
Recurrent aphthous ulcers represent a very common but poorly understood mucosal disorder. They occur in men and women of all ages, races and geographic regions. It is estimated that at least 1 in 5 individuals has at least once been afflicted with aphthous ulcers. The condition is classified as minor, major, and herpetiform on the basis of ulcer size and(More)
The nervous system may be actively involved in bone repair and in remodelling of callous tissue in bone fractures, as well as in the regulation of nociceptive impulses from the site of the trauma. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and nature of the periosteal innervation of normal control bone and during bone healing subsequent to(More)
Periodontitis is characterized by periodontal tissue destruction. Since interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been reported to up-regulate IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), it was hypothesized that it is increased in periodontitis and up-regulates these cytokines and tissue-destructive matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in local migrant and resident(More)