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Several lines of evidence suggest that tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis are dependent on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity. However, the lack of inhibitors specific for the type IV collagenase/gelatinase family of MMPs has thus far prevented the selective targeting of MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) for therapeutic intervention(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Specialist hospitals have reported an incidence of early deep infections of < 1% following primary knee replacement. The purpose of this study was to estimate the infection rate in a nationwide series using register-based data. METHODS The Finnish Arthroplasty Register (FAR) was searched for primary unicompartmental, total, and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Two-stage revision remains the gold standard in the treatment of infected knee arthroplasty. Lately, good long-term results of direct exchange arthroplasty have been reported. The purpose of this literature review is to compare the clinical outcome achieved with one-stage revision and two-stage revision with different types of(More)
Neutrophil collagenase (matrix metalloproteinase-8 or MMP-8) is regarded as being synthesized exclusively by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN). However, in vivo MMP-8 expression was observed in mononuclear fibroblast-like cells in the rheumatoid synovial membrane. In addition, we detected MMP-8 mRNA expression in cultured rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts(More)
Periodontitis is characterized by periodontal tissue destruction. Since interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been reported to up-regulate IL-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), it was hypothesized that it is increased in periodontitis and up-regulates these cytokines and tissue-destructive matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) in local migrant and resident(More)
BACKGROUND National and regional arthroplasty registries have been used to study the results of primary total knee arthroplasties. The purpose of this paper was to present the results of revision total knee replacements and describe predictors of survival of those replacements, with repeat revision as the end point. METHODS The nationwide Finnish(More)
BACKGROUND As revision total knee arthroplasty surgery is becoming more common, it is necessary to evaluate how individual revision prosthesis systems perform in degenerative and inflammatory arthritides. In this study, results of the use of the Total Condylar III (TC III) system in osteoarthritis (55 knees) were compared to results of its use in(More)
Dental plaque is the major aetiological factor in periodontal diseases and contains several proteolytic enzymes. The origin of these proteinases is, however, poorly studied. This study was undertaken to characterize collagenase present in dental plaque of adult periodontitis patients. Vertebrate-type rather than bacterial-derived collagenase activity was(More)
The nervous system may be actively involved in bone repair and in remodelling of callous tissue in bone fractures, as well as in the regulation of nociceptive impulses from the site of the trauma. The aim of this study was to assess the distribution and nature of the periosteal innervation of normal control bone and during bone healing subsequent to(More)
In rheumatoid arthritis various pro-inflammatory metabolites of arachidonic acid (AA), such as leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), contribute to tissue destruction and pain. In contrast to AA, which is an omega-6 fatty acid, the omega-3 fatty acids, after having been liberated from the cell membrane phospholipids, are further converted into(More)