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Functional imaging studies generally show decreased cerebral metabolism and perfusion in depressed patients relative to normal controls, although the location of the deficits varies. We used Tc99m HMPAO SPECT to compare cerebral blood flow in medication resistant, depressed patients and a normal control group. HMPAO uptake ratios (adjusted for age) were(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between age-associated changes in central serotonergic function and abnormalities associated with major depression. Under randomized double-blind conditions, prolactin and cortisol responses to the serotonin-releasing agent d,l-fenfluramine hydrochloride (60 mg orally) and placebo were examined in 30(More)
Serotonergic receptors of the 5-HT1A subtype have been suggested to play a pivotal role in the mechanism of action of antidepressant drugs, including specific serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). We examined the effect of clinical doses of the SSRI, fluoxetine, on 5-HT1A receptor function in 15 normal volunteers. Hypothermic and hormone responses to the(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors sought to determine the effect of clinically equivalent doses of fluoxetine on mood and other psychological variables in normal subjects. METHOD Fifteen healthy volunteers received placebo for 2 weeks; fluoxetine, 10 mg/day, for 1 week; fluoxetine, 20 mg/day, for 5 weeks; and then an additional 2 weeks of placebo in the context of a(More)
To evaluate social adjustment and self-esteem in patients with unipolar (UP) and bipolar (BP) affective disorder and to examine demographic and clinical correlates of these variables, outpatients with UP and BP disorder in remission for at least 12 months were consecutively recruited and individually matched to control subjects with no personal or family(More)
RATIONALE Of the specific serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), fluoxetine is perhaps the most widely used. Anecdotal reports, mostly in the non-medical press, have suggested that it may positively affect psychological functioning and enhance quality of life in the absence of overt psychiatric disorder. Such wide-spread use in not supported by scientific(More)
Depression has been shown in some studies to be associated with a reduction in hypothalamic 5-HT(1A) receptor function, as indicated by reduced hormone and/or hypothermic responses to 5-HT(1A) agonists such as ipsapirone. The hypothermic response to ipsapirone was reduced in depressed patients treated with amitriptyline. Hormone and hypothermic responses to(More)
The effects of a challenge dose of the 5-HT1A agonist, ipsapirone (0.3 mg per kg body weight), or placebo on body temperature and on adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) and cortisol release, were examined in 30 normal subjects (14 males, 19-74 years and 16 females, 22-69 years) using a randomized, double blind design. Irrespective of age or gender,(More)
BACKGROUND Compounds that reduce N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) function, including NMDAR antagonists and partial agonists at the NMDAR-associated glycine (GLY) site, may act as antidepressants. The antibiotic drug d-cycloserine (DCS) acts as a partial agonist at the NMDAR-GLY site. Preclinical and clinical data suggest that at dosages >or=100 mg/day(More)