Learn More
CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor on the membranes of monocytes and macrophages for several microbial products, of which lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the best known. A shed form of CD14 is present in serum. As the CD14 gene promoter polymorphism -159C/T and some bacterial infections may affect the sCD14 levels, we compared the impact of both the CD14(More)
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the most serious cardiovascular disease with high morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have showed that long noncoding RNAs (lnc RNA) play important roles in pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, but the investigations are still in their infancy. An lnc RNA named urothelial carcinoma-associated 1 (UCA1) is found(More)
Objectives. Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) could lead to endothelial dysfunction and is viewed as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), a small heat shock protein, is reported to exert protective effect against atherosclerosis. This study aims to investigate the protective effect of HSP27 against Hcy-induced(More)
MF59 is an oil-in-water emulsion adjuvant approved for influenza vaccines for human use in Europe. Due to its Th2 inducing properties, MF59 is seldom tested for cancer vaccines. In this study, MF59 formulated with a C-type CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (YW002) was tested for its Th1 adjuvant activity to induce immune responses to HSP65-MUC1, a recombinant fusion(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) can sense pathogen DNA and CpG ODN or even self-DNA by trafficking assisted by Unc93B1, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) transmembrane protein, from ER to endolysosomes or cell surface. In previous study, we found that an oligodeoxynucleotide with CCT repeats (SAT05f) could selectively inhibit TLR7/9 activation. However, the(More)
To distinguish the antibodies induced by Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) infection from those induced by vaccination, a recombinant N-terminal truncated FMDV non-structural protein (NSP) of 3AB, designated as r3aB, was constructed by deleting 80 amino acids displayed about 30% homology to transposase IS4 family protein of Escherichia coli, expressed in(More)
Helicobacter pylori induces signaling cascades leading to changes in cytoskeleton and an inflammatory response. Information on the morphological changes and cytoskeletal rearrangements induced by attachment of the bacterium is contradictory and signal transduction pathways are not well known. Since rho family of small GTPases is known to mediate(More)
Although being promising tumor vaccine candidates in animal models, heat shock protein (HSP)-based tumor vaccines have not yet succeeded in the clinical trials, implying the necessity to be formulated with appropriate adjutants to enhance their immunogenicity. In this study, we investigated whether a B-class CpG ODN (BW006), a TLR9 agonist, could facilitate(More)
Huyou (Citrus changshanensis) is rich in naringin and neohesperidin, which are natural flavanone glycosides with a range of biological activities. Among the different fruit parts, i.e. flavedo, albedo, segment membrane (SM), and juice sacs (JS), albedo showed the highest contents of both compounds, with 27.00 and 19.09mg/g DW for naringin and neohesperidin,(More)
Infection of influenza virus could induce acute lung inflammatory injury (ALII) that was at least partially caused by excessive innate immune responses. To study whether down-regulating Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated innate immune response could lessen influenza virus-induced ALII, a microsatellite DNA mimicking oligodeoxynucleotide (MS ODN), named as(More)