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Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) starch synthase II, which is also known as starch granule protein 1 (SGP-1), plays a major role in endosperm starch synthesis. The three SGP-1 proteins, SGP-A1, B1 and D1, are produced by three homoeologous SSII genes, wSSII-A, B, and D. Lines carrying null alleles for each SGP-1 protein have previously been identified. In this(More)
An automatic procedure is proposed to identify, from the protein sequence database, conserved amino acid patterns (or sequence motifs) that are exclusive to a group of functionally related proteins. This procedure is applied to the PIR database and a dictionary of sequence motifs that relate to specific superfamilies constructed. The motifs have a practical(More)
Nucleotide sequence analysis of the cDNA and the genomic clones for rat DNA polymerase beta revealed the existence of a 1,005-base pair open reading frame capable of encoding a Mr = 38,269 polypeptide of 335 amino acid residues. The region of 174 amino acid residues between the 42nd and 215th residues of the DNA polymerase beta polypeptide has extensive(More)
The onion fly, Delia antiqua (Meigen), is a pest specialized to the onion, Allium cepa L., and some other Allium plants. Host odorants play an important role in the attraction of D. antiqua adults and stimulation of oviposition in females. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) may serve as a first step in the perception of these chemical cues. In this study, to(More)
A cytochrome P-450 was isolated from a fungus, Fusarium oxysporum, which grew on a medium containing soybean oil as a sole carbon source. It was found as a heme protein that possess lipoxygenase activity, and seemed to exist in the soluble fraction of cell-free extracts. The cytochrome revealed multiplicity and could be separated into a least 3 fractions(More)
From protein sequence comparison data found in the literature, a library was organized using peptide fragment sequences which are common to related proteins. Each of the fragments was then examined for its occurrence in all the protein superfamilies defined by the NBRF-PIR data base. We have selected those fragment peptides that appear exclusively in one or(More)
Insect odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) function in the perception of chemical cues such as pheromones and host-plant odors. Comparative genomic analysis has shown that OBP genes underwent the birth-and-death process through the evolution of Hexapoda, resulting in diverged OBP repertoires between distantly related species. On the other hand, comparisons(More)
Sequential polypeptides (Lys-Gly-Gly)5 and (Lys-Gly-Gly)10 were synthesized as models for the N-terminal region of H4 histone and their interactions with DNA were studied. The ability of (Lys-Gly-Gly)10 to precipitate DNA was found to be much higher than that of (Lys-Gly-Gly)5. For example, at the physiological salt concentration, (Lys-Gly-Gly)10(More)
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