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Controlled motion at the nanoscale can be achieved by using Watson-Crick base-pairing to direct the assembly and operation of a molecular transport system consisting of a track, a motor and fuel, all made from DNA. Here, we assemble a 100-nm-long DNA track on a two-dimensional scaffold, and show that a DNA motor loaded at one end of the track moves(More)
A new method for quantifying irregularity of EEGs is proposed in this study. The entropy, an information measure, determines the uniformity of proportion distribution. The peakedness or flatness of the distribution of the EEG power spectrum, representing EEG rhythmicity, can be measured by the entropy, because the power spectrum consists of proportions of(More)
Synthetic molecular motors can be fuelled by the hydrolysis or hybridization of DNA. Such motors can move autonomously and programmably, and long-range transport has been observed on linear tracks. It has also been shown that DNA systems can compute. Here, we report a synthetic DNA-based system that integrates long-range transport and information(More)
Relationships between epileptiform discharges and background activity were examined by power spectral entropy (PSE), measuring a degree of EEG irregularity. The EEGs were recorded from 10 electrodes placed at F3, F4, C3, C4, T3, T4, P3, P4, O1 and O2 in 11 epileptic patients with widespread lateralized spike and wave complexes (SWCs). Bipolar records were(More)
A novel strategy for regulation of an enzymatic DNA modification reaction has been developed by employing a designed nanoscale DNA scaffold. DNA modification using enzymes often requires bending of specific DNA strands to facilitate the reaction. The DNA methylation enzyme EcoRI methyltransferase (M.EcoRI) bends double helix DNA by 55 degrees-59 degrees(More)
We herein report the real-time observation of G-quadruplex formation by monitoring the G-quadruplex-induced global change of two duplexes incorporated in a DNA nanoscaffold. The introduced G-rich strands formed an interstrand (3 + 1) G-quadruplex structure in the presence of K(+), and the formed four-stranded structure was disrupted by removal of K(+).(More)
T he unique structural motifs and molecular recognition properties of DNA make it a promising template for building nanostructures. 1Ϫ4 Using a long single-stranded DNA as a template, a novel strategy, the so-called DNA origami method, has been developed for the preparation of various two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) nanostructures with(More)
A novel method for assembling multiple DNA origami structures has been developed by using designed 2D DNA origami rectangles, so-called "DNA jigsaw pieces" that have sequence-programmed connectors. Shape and sequence complementarity were introduced to the concavity and convex connectors in the DNA rectangles for selective connection with the help of(More)
Two-dimensional self-assembly of DNA origami structures was carried out using a connector that has connection sites at all four edges. By utilizing this four-way connector, five and eight origami monomers were assembled to form a cruciate and a hollow square structure, respectively.