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Controlled motion at the nanoscale can be achieved by using Watson-Crick base-pairing to direct the assembly and operation of a molecular transport system consisting of a track, a motor and fuel, all made from DNA. Here, we assemble a 100-nm-long DNA track on a two-dimensional scaffold, and show that a DNA motor loaded at one end of the track moves(More)
Synthetic molecular motors can be fuelled by the hydrolysis or hybridization of DNA. Such motors can move autonomously and programmably, and long-range transport has been observed on linear tracks. It has also been shown that DNA systems can compute. Here, we report a synthetic DNA-based system that integrates long-range transport and information(More)
OBJECTIVES Although remarkable therapeutic advances in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) have been made with anti-platelet therapy, the therapeutic options may be limited by considerable side effects. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has anti-oxidative properties and may play a protective role against atherosclerosis. In this study, we(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenic cell therapy by intramuscular injection of autologous bone marrow mononuclear cells was first attempted in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) with critical limb ischemia, and the feasibility was shown by a randomized controlled Therapeutic Angiogenesis by Cell Transplantation (TACT) study. METHODS AND RESULTS The present(More)
We demonstrate a novel strategy of self-assembly to scale up origami structures in two-dimensional (2D) space using multiple origami structures, named "2D DNA jigsaw pieces", with a specially designed shape. For execution of 2D self-assembly along the helical axis (horizontal direction), sequence-programmed tenon and mortise were introduced to promote(More)
A novel method for assembling multiple DNA origami structures has been developed by using designed 2D DNA origami rectangles, so-called "DNA jigsaw pieces" that have sequence-programmed connectors. Shape and sequence complementarity were introduced to the concavity and convex connectors in the DNA rectangles for selective connection with the help of(More)
Heat tolerance of DNA origami structures has been improved about 30 °C by photo-cross-linking of 8-methoxypsoralen. To demonstrate one of its applications, the cross-linked origami were used for higher-temperature self-assembly, which markedly increased the yield of the assembled product when compared to the self-assembly of non-cross-linked origami at(More)
A novel strategy for regulation of an enzymatic DNA modification reaction has been developed by employing a designed nanoscale DNA scaffold. DNA modification using enzymes often requires bending of specific DNA strands to facilitate the reaction. The DNA methylation enzyme EcoRI methyltransferase (M.EcoRI) bends double helix DNA by 55 degrees-59 degrees(More)
We herein report the real-time observation of G-quadruplex formation by monitoring the G-quadruplex-induced global change of two duplexes incorporated in a DNA nanoscaffold. The introduced G-rich strands formed an interstrand (3 + 1) G-quadruplex structure in the presence of K(+), and the formed four-stranded structure was disrupted by removal of K(+).(More)